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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Sunday, May 15, 2016

British Capturing Sitolidhar hillock, Kumaon -1

     Second British Attack on Almora -14
           
                 History British Campaign for Capturing Kumaon -57
                                                                                                                                 
          Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -272
            History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -801          
                                                           
                          By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)

             At Nine Am, on 25th April 1815, Captain Laze returned to Katarmal with his army from Gannath. After four hours, Nicholas marched towards Sitolidhar (Almora) for attacking on Gurkha Camps. Nicholas advanced with first flank battalion of fourth Indian Regiment to North Sitolidhar.  He wanted fire Mortars for vacating Gurkha from their camps. On his right, parallel, L.C Gardner marched with irregular army.  The idea was vacating Gurkha from South Sitolidhar.
 The path from Katarmal to Sitolidhar hillock was narrow and full of pebbles. After crossing Kosi River, Nicholas disciplined his army in line. Nicholas was having canons, mortars, and howitzer   on elephants. After two hours, by walking on steep territory, Nicholas reached at Sitolidhar. European officers were in front. As soon as Angad Sardar saw British army descending from Katarmal  for moving to  Sitolidhar hill, he informed to Bamshah. Bamshah kept only one ‘Patti’ army with him and he  sent balance soldiers with Sardar Bhavani Baksh for helping Angad Sardar. Bmashah could not sent more soldiers. Rangelu Sardar was to defend Lalmandi fort and soldiers were necessary at Chandalekh too.  
        First, Nicholas ordered for firing Howitzer on Gurkha. However, analyzing self confidence of his army, Nicholas decided direct humanly attack on Gurkha soldiers. The soldiers of Feipul captured tow three small camps (Bada) . Gurkha soldiers ran away from Bada. Gurkha soldiers left Janjal canon in their Bada (camp with wood or stone fence). According to letter of Bamshah for Amar Singh Thapa, Gurkha soldiers could not resist gun /canon fires of British army.



 (From writings of B D Pande, Atkinson, Preamble, Sanwal, Saxsena, Fraser, Letter of Bamshah  for Amar Singh Thapa etc) 
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 16/5/2016
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -802
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX                    Reference           
                 
Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886, Gazetteer of Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Balchandra Sharma, Nepal ko Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press
Minyan Govrdhan Singh , History of Himachal Pradesh
A.P Coleman, 1999, A Special Corps
Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of a Five Years Residence at Nepal Vol.1
Maula Ram/Mola Ram  , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
J B Fraser , Asiatic Research
Shyam Ganguli, Doon Rediscovered
Minyan Prem Singh, Guldast Tabarikh Koh Tihri Garhwal
Patiram Garhwal , Ancient and Modern
Tara Datt Gairola, Parvtiy Sanskriti
John Premble, Invasion of Nepal
Chitranjan Nepali, Bhimsen Thapa aur Tatkalin Nepal
Sanwal, Nepal and East India Company
Nagendra kr Singh, Refugee to Ruler
Saxena, Historical papers related to Kumaon
Paper Respecting Nepal War by East India Company (papers in Stock)
Basu, Rise of Christian Power in India)
Moti Lal Ghosh, an article in Amrit Bazar Patrika
XXX
History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Sirmour Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Kangara Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Baghat Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Punar Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand;  Nahan Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  History of Nepal, History of Doti Nepal, History of Nepalese/ Gurkha regime
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par  Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal