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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Tuesday, May 24, 2016

Bamshah Writing letters for Western Nepalese Commanders

Second British Attack on Almora -19
                 History British Campaign for Capturing Kumaon -63
          Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -279
            History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -808   
                          By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)

        Jasmadan Thapa reached to British camp with letter of Bamshah on the evening of same day. That letter was for Amar Singh Thapa, Ranjor Singh Thapa and other commanders in western region. Bamshah requested that let that letter reached to Ranjor Singh at Jaithok.
             Bamshah described the wars at Gannath, Sitoli and Lalmandi. At the end he illustrated Kumaon treaty as follows-
            We all four  ( Bamshah, Chamu Bhandari, Angad Sardar and Jasmadan Thapa) discussed and thought about the situation. We have weapons in ample quantity. However, the irregular (outsiders) deceived us. When anybody showed trust on somebody and that person deceived nobody can do anything. The real Gurkha soldiers were patriotic and outsiders became trustless. That was why , we thought not to spend the resources and power of the King. Gardner told that after ending war we (Gurkha ) should cross Kali River and we should write letter to King that he should appoint an advocate who would visit Governor General for deciding treaty conditions. In Kumaon, British are preparing conditions. There was cordial relationship between British and Gurkha commanders. You also return from West.  We are going to east by crossing Kali River. Have treaty with David Ochterloni and come back with your weapons and materials. We shall advice to King for appointing advocate for discussing with Governor General for treaty, Gardner sent that letter to David Ochterloni.
          Gurkha Commanders of Shrinagar Garhwal refusing Surrender  

            Gurkha soldiers of various Garhis of Kumaon obeyed the advice of Bamshah and surrendered before British army. The Nepalese soldiers at Naithana Garhi, Kumaon also surrendered.  The Gurkha soldiers of Lobhagarhi already vacated long back. There were Nepalese soldiers in Langur Garhi, Nagpur, Painkhanda and Shrinagar of Garhwal. Maximum Nepalese soldiers were in Shrinagar Garhwal. Bamshah wished that the Nepalese soldiers of Garhwal would also be given same facilities for going to Nepal region as given to Gurkha soldiers of Kumaon.
      Nicholas instructed his army for capturing Alaknanda and Pindar River valleys. Nicholas ordered his army to treat Gurkha well when they surrender. However, Nepalese commander Kaji Bakhtwar Singh Basnet s and soldiers were not ready for surrendering before British army till they get instruction from Amar Singh Thapa.

 (From writings of B D Pande, Atkinson, Preamble, Sanwal, Saxsena, Fraser, Letter of Bamshah  for Amar Singh Thapa etc) 
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 24/5/2016
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -809
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX                    Reference           
Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886, Gazetteer of Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Balchandra Sharma, Nepal ko Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press
Minyan Govrdhan Singh , History of Himachal Pradesh
A.P Coleman, 1999, A Special Corps
Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of a Five Years Residence at Nepal Vol.1
Maula Ram/Mola Ram  , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
J B Fraser , Asiatic Research
Shyam Ganguli, Doon Rediscovered
Minyan Prem Singh, Guldast Tabarikh Koh Tihri Garhwal
Patiram Garhwal , Ancient and Modern
Tara Datt Gairola, Parvtiy Sanskriti
John Premble, Invasion of Nepal
Chitranjan Nepali, Bhimsen Thapa aur Tatkalin Nepal
Sanwal, Nepal and East India Company
Nagendra kr Singh, Refugee to Ruler
Saxena, Historical papers related to Kumaon
Paper Respecting Nepal War by East India Company (papers in Stock)
Basu, Rise of Christian Power in India)
Moti Lal Ghosh, an article in Amrit Bazar Patrika
History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Sirmour Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Kangara Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Baghat Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Punar Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand;  Nahan Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  History of Nepal, History of Doti Nepal, History of Nepalese/ Gurkha regime
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par  Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal