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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Tuesday, May 17, 2016

British Capturing Sitolidhar hillock, Kumaon -2

 Second British Attack on Almora -15
           
                 History British Campaign for Capturing Kumaon -58
                                                                                                                                 
          Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -273
            History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -802          
                                                           
                          By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)
                At the same time, British army captured two more trenches of Gurkha. A British army soldier Dhaukal Singh showed special bravery. The army led by L.C Gardner captured three Gurkha trenches of Sitolidhar. Fifty British irregular army soldiers of fourth regiment remained in Sitolidhar and balance followed running Gurkha soldiers. There were five roads joining at Kalamtiya . British captured fenced Gurkha camp at Kalamtia. Therefore, the communication line between Almora and Sitolidhar was cut. Perhaps, Narshah Chauntara was commander of Kalamtia Camp. According to Bamshah Gurkha soldiers tried their best for defending Kalamtia camp. Nicholas praised the bravery of Indian soldiers of British army.
            On that night, Nicholas established his camp at Pokharkhal fort. The length and width of that fort was 60 yard. Gurkha soldiers vacated that fort.  Defeated Gurkha soldiers ran away towards Almora. British army soldiers reached near Almora following running Gurkha soldiers. British army soldiers camped at Haridungari hillock above Pokharkhal.  
               Then 250 fourth regiment soldiers were sent with flank companies to south of Almora city.
    Bamshah tried his best for defending Almora and Lalmandi forts. At the same time Angad Sardar and a few commanders reached to Almora. Bamshah instructed 30 soldiers to fight by Khukari. However, Gurkha soldiers could not defend. British army took shelter at Deepchand temple yard. From there, British army started firing by two Howitzers. By six PM, British army started firing below Almora fort.
  Bamshah sent message to Kaji Bhandari that he should attack on British army at Haridungari in midnight.  Bamshah sent message that as soon you attack Gurkha would attack on British army at Deepchand temple.
   


 (From writings of B D Pande, Atkinson, Preamble, Sanwal, Saxsena, Fraser, Letter of Bamshah  for Amar Singh Thapa etc) 
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 17/5/2016
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -803
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX                    Reference           
                 
Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886, Gazetteer of Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Balchandra Sharma, Nepal ko Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press
Minyan Govrdhan Singh , History of Himachal Pradesh
A.P Coleman, 1999, A Special Corps
Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of a Five Years Residence at Nepal Vol.1
Maula Ram/Mola Ram  , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
J B Fraser , Asiatic Research
Shyam Ganguli, Doon Rediscovered
Minyan Prem Singh, Guldast Tabarikh Koh Tihri Garhwal
Patiram Garhwal , Ancient and Modern
Tara Datt Gairola, Parvtiy Sanskriti
John Premble, Invasion of Nepal
Chitranjan Nepali, Bhimsen Thapa aur Tatkalin Nepal
Sanwal, Nepal and East India Company
Nagendra kr Singh, Refugee to Ruler
Saxena, Historical papers related to Kumaon
Paper Respecting Nepal War by East India Company (papers in Stock)
Basu, Rise of Christian Power in India)
Moti Lal Ghosh, an article in Amrit Bazar Patrika
XXX
History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Sirmour Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Kangara Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Baghat Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Punar Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand;  Nahan Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  History of Nepal, History of Doti Nepal, History of Nepalese/ Gurkha regime
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par  Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal