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Tuesday, May 17, 2016

Baldev Prasad Sharma ‘Deen’: The Poet of Emotional Lyric with High Drama

Critical and Chronological History of Modern Garhwali Poetry –11 D

                    Literature Historian:  Bhishma Kukreti
                ‘Rami Baurani’ is famous song sung in each part of Uttarakhand and has been staged in major cities where Uttarakhand stay in other parts of the world.  The literature value is not so important of Bata Godai (Rami Baurani) but it has its lyrical significance among Uttarakhandi.  It is thought as folk song.
          There are two opponent views about creator of Bata Godai (Rami Baurani). Baldev Prasad Sharma ‘Deen’ is the creator of Bata Godai (Rami Baurani). His well wisher published the lyric in 1918. From that time till date, the lyric is published 10 times as exclusive booklet with the creator name as Baldev Prasad Sharma’ Deen’.
              Dr Chatak (Garhwali Lok Gathayen page 205) and Dr Shiv Prasad Dabral (forwarding note of Sation KO Sat) offered opinion that there was a old fold story or song about Rami and Baldev Prasad Sharma ‘Deen” just improved its literature value and recreated as modern folk song. It is a fact that the song was not published by Baldev Prasad himself in World War Ist time.
           Now, the question arises if the song was a folk song the publisher would have not mentioned the name of creator. Bhavani Datt Thapliyal mentioned about Rami Baurani in his play.
 The lyric is emotional and have high drama story.
             Another poem was written by Baldev Prasad Sharma ‘Deen’ – ‘Sati Rama’. The 142 line long poetry by Baldev Prasad was first published in 1927. Dr Shiv Prasad Dabral reprinted the poem in 1995. The story of Sati Rama is religious one. A pair prayed lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati and get a girl named ‘Rama’. Rama had bad luck to be widow at the age of twelve. However, Parvati blessed Rama and the life age of Banmali the husband of Rama increased by 250 years. From literature point view, the poem is normal standard.
 Baldev Prasad also created ‘Jasi’ and ‘Dhyanmala’ poems.
 His exclusivity in creating poem is story with high drama, emotions and happy ending.
   
 Baldev Prasad Sharma ‘Deen’ was born in 1883 in village Bamasu of Tehri Garhwal.
     बाटा गोड़ाई ( रामी बौराणि ) (आधुनिक गढ़वाली गीत 1918 में प्रकाशित  )

रचना /संकलन --  बलदेव प्रसाद शर्मा 'दीन '   ( जन्म  - 1883  मृत्यु समय - अनुपलब्ध ,  ग्राम बामसु टिहरी गढ़वाल  ) 
Poetry  by - Baldev Prasad Sharma 'Deen' 
(
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बाटा गोड़ाई क्या तेरो नौ छबोल बौराणी कख तेरु गौं छ.
बटोई जोगी न पूछ मैकुकेकु पूछ्दी क्या चैंदु त्वैकू.
रौतु की बेटी छौं रामी  नौं छसेटु की छौं पाली गौं छ.
मेरा स्वामी न मैं छोड्यों परनिर्दयी ह्वैगिन मैंई फर.
ज्यूंरा का घर नि मैकुस्वामी विछोह होयुं छ जैंकू.
रामी  तीन स्वामी याद ऐगिहाथ कुटली छूटण लैगि.
"चल बौराणी छैलु बैठी जौलाअपणी खैरि वखिमु लौला".
"
जा जोगी अपणा बाठ लागमेरा शरील न लगौ आग.
जोगी ह्वैक भी आंखी नि खुलीछैलु बैठली तेरी दीदी भूली.
बौराणी गाळी नि देणी भौतकख रंदु गौं कु सप्रणौ रौत.
जोगिन गौं माँ अलेक लाईभूकू छौं भोजन देवा माई.
बुडड़ी माई तैं दया ऐगीखेतु सी ब्वारी बुलौण लैगि.
घौर औ ब्वारी तू झट्ट कैकघौर मू भूकू छ साधू एक.
सासू जी वैकु बुलाई रौलये जोगी लगिगे आज बौळ.
ये जोगी कु नि पकौंदु रोटीगाळी दिन्यन ये खोटी खोटी.
ये पापी जोगी कु आराम निछकेकु तैं आई हमारा बीच.
अपणी ब्वारी समझोऊ माईभूकू छौं भात बणावा जाई.
रामी   रूसाड़ु सुल्गौण लैगिस्वामी की याद तैं औण लैगि.
माळु का पात मा धरि भातमैं तेरा भात नि लंदु हाथ.
रामी  की स्वामी की थाळी मांजभात दे रोटी मैं खौलू आज.
खांदी छैं जोगी त खाई ल्हेदिनि खान्दू जोगी त जाई ल्हेदि.
बतेरा जोगी झोलियों ल्ह्यीकरोजाना घूमिक नि पौन्दा भीक.
जोगिन आख़िर भेद खोलीबुढड़ी माई से यनु बोली.
मैं छौं माता तुमारु जायोआज नौ साल से घर आयो.
बेटा को माता भेटण लैगि,रामी  का मन दुविधा ह्वैगी.
सेयुं का सेर अब बीजी गैगीगात को खारू अब धोण लैगि.
पतिवर्ता नारी विस्मय ह्वैगीस्वामी का चरणु मा पड़ी गैगी.

साभार -- अंग्वाळ )

Copyright @ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, May 2016
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