History of Drama
History of Indian Dramas
History of Uttarakhandi Dramas
History of Garhwali Dramas
Hundred Years of Garhwali dramas
Adh:Patan : A Garhwali Drama by Bhagwati Prasad Panthari
Professor Bhagwati Prasad Panthari (1914-1991)was a prolific Garhwali and Hindi literature creative. When Bhagwati Prasad was studying , Panthari published two Garhwali dramas Bhuton ki Khoh (1940) and Adh:Patan (1940-41).
Both the plays were staged in various places in Tihri Riyasat. The subject of both the dramas was against Tihri Riyasat and British rule. Therefore, the Tihri riyasat administration banned both the dramas for staging.
Adh:Patan is also about the people’s hardship, struggle for food etc, poverty under Tihri Riyasat and misdeeds of Tihri riyasat administration. The Adh:patan dram is also take problem as central part and take it in its high.There is struggle for freedom and conflicts between the ruler and freedom fighters.
The dialogues are in Tihri dialects and as per the characters of the drama. There are two examples of dialogues as-
“ tu Ransu , ransu , gau ka lekh ni thai. Ransu , gad bhuchal dekh dain pani ma kani chh teri mukhdi. T takh dekhdi de gngal fal. Ee machu gaun ka saari pirthi ka firdi firdi aundan ar jaraa si pani pen ma yunkaa khuta tadak tuti jandan, abari ghas katan thau , bajariyon ka nauna t budend budend talai randan phun lgyaan”
And read this dialogue-
Naunu- paisa nit ha t pyar t thau. Main apanu Ransu pyar kardaun aur veenko pyaari abhilas puri karan ko mera pas dhan ni t pyaar t chh. Kyakanoon pyar ka vasta bhi paison k muchlka chando / kya sona ki kunji hi pyar ka darvajon khol sakdi? Kya kangal ki abhilasha dhool ma hi liptanaa ko hondi? Ve ko pyaar ki kulain dali kya doosaron ka such ki holi jalaun ko hi lapkadi ? kyon, kyaa lal topi de sakdi yanko jabab?
As in ‘ Bhuton ka Khoh’ Bhagwati discusses the problem in Adh:Patan too through discussion that the drama takes speed.
1-Dr Anil Dabral, Garhwali Gady Parampara (Critical History Garhwali Dramas from beginning till 1990)
2-Abodh Bandhu Bahuguna, Gad Myateki Ganga (Brief History of Garhwali dramas from beginning till 1975)
3-Dr Sudharani, Garhwal ka Rangmanch (Brief History of Garhwali Dramas and Staging of dramas from beginning till 1985)
4-Drama special issue of Chitthi Patri magazine (Garhwali Dramas and plays staged in Delhi, Karachi, Mumbai, Dehradun and other places)
5- Dr Hari Datt Bhatt Shailesh, Garhwali Natak evam Rangmanch: Ek Vihngam Avlokan (History of Garhwali Dramas and theatres from beginning till 1985)
6-Dr Bhakt Darshan: Barrister Mukandi Lal Srmriti Granth (Garhwali dramatists or theatres playwrights till 1985
7-Dr Nand Kishor Dhoundiyal, Garhwal ki Divangat Vibhutiyan (pp108-116, about contribution of Bhagwati Prasad Panthri for developing Garhwali drama)
Copyright@ Bhishm Kukreti
History of Drama, History of Indian Dramas, History of Uttarakhandi Dramas, History of Garhwali Dramas, Hundred Years of Garhwali dramas to be continued…..