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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Monday, January 5, 2015

Prithvi Narayan Shah Capturing Makwanpur and defeating Mir Kasim

History of Gorkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -10
  
   History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -529

                        By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)

               Makwanpur commanded the Sothern rout to Kathmandu. Gorkha King Prithvi Narayan Shah decided to conquer the territory. The father in law of Prtithvi Narayn was no more alive and his brother in law was ruling Makwanpur. Due to overpowering of Prithvi Narayan, Makwanpur King had treaty with Jay Prakash Mall. Knowing the alliance between jay Prakash Mall and Makwanpur King, Gorkha King Prithvi Narayan Shah sent his army led by Kahar Singh Basnyat, Bansraj Pande  and Ramkrishna Kunwar to capture Makwanpur Kingdom. On 21st August 1762, Gorkha army defeated Makwanpur army within ten hours of fight. 100 Gorkhali and 400 Makwanpur soldiers were killed on that war.
 After capturing Makwanpur Kingdom, Gorkha army attacked and invaded Hariharpur, Timalkot and Sindhulikot.
 Gorkha army caught Makwanpur King Digbandan Sen on 13th February, 1763.
  Gorkha killed relatives of King by Khukri and hung many other relatives of Makwanpur King. Brother of King fled and tok asylum under East India company.
 Jay Prakash Mall took help from East India Company. Company sent troop to defeat Prithvi Narayan Shah but 120 Gorkha soldiers defeated East India army of 200 soldiers led by General Kinloch in 1767.
 Prithvi Narayn Shah had economic blockade period in the valley. Prithvi Narayan Shah cut the supply to the valley. Prithvi Narayan Shah used to provide death penalty to those who used to supply salt and cotton to valley.  
                       Defeat of Mir Kasim
 Afraid of Prithvi Narayan Shah, Kanak Singh the King of neighboring territory sent request to Mir Kasim the Nabab of Bengal. Mir Kasim sent army and guns led by army chief Gurgin Khan to help Kanak Singh. Gurgin Khan attacked on Makwanpur. However, Gorkha soldiers defeated Mir Kasim army and killed Kasim force brutally.

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com4/1/2015
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -530
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX

                    Reference
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
XX
History of Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Nainital, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Almora, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Uttarakhand;  Gorkha Rule over Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Champawat, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh;