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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Wednesday, January 7, 2015

Gorkha King Prithvi Narayan Shah capturing Kathmandu and Patan Kingdoms

History of Gorkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -12
  
   History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -531

                        By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)

                Gorkha King Prithvi Narayan Shah Encompassing Nepal Region
                  After Gorkha King Prithvi Narayan Shah defeating East India Company Army, more terror spread among other Nepal Kingdoms. However, it was not easy for Gorkha King Prithvi Narayan Shah to win over Nepal regions. Gorkha King Prithvi Narayan Shah encompassed the region with tight administration and tightened the economic blockade.  Gorkha King Prithvi Narayan Shah his officers that if a human beings brings salt or cotton towards Nepal, the officer should kill the man and hang him on a tree. The officers obeyed the cruel order with vigor. Father Giuseppe saw hundreds of such dead people hung on tree.
 However, the economic blockade did not favor Gorkha King Prithvi Narayan Shah drastically to win over Nepal Region. Then, Gorkha King Prithvi Narayan Shah followed deceptive methods by luring the officers of enemy Kingdoms.
          Gorkha King Prithvi Narayan Shah Capturing Kathmandu Kingdom
 Indra Yatra is still an important festival of Newaris of Nepal. Newari People used to celebrate Indra Yatra with feast, dance and drinking. On 25thSeptember 1768 (Annt Chadurdashi), People of Kathmandu were busy in celebrating Indra Yatra by drinking, dancing, and singing. In Midnight, Gorkha King Prithvi Narayan Shah attacked suddenly on Kathmandu by three sides and reached to Festival place and sat on the Chair reserved for Kathmandu King Jay Prakash Mall.  Gorkha King Prithvi Narayan Shah declared him as King of Kathmandu. Kathmandu people did not resist much.
              Kathmandu King Jay Prakash Mall flee from Kathmandu and reached to Patan Kingdom, The Patan King Tejnar Singh was also from same blood line as Jay Prakash Mall. However, within a couple of days, jay Prakash Mall and Tejnar Singh had to take asylum in Badgaon Kingdom under Ranjit Mall. Those three Mall Kings were from same blood line but used to fight with each other. However, now, the situation was just against them.

         Gorkha King Prithvi Narayan Shah Capturing Patan Kingdom
              After winning Kathmandu, the army of Gorkha King Prithvi Narayan Shah attacked on Patan many times. At last, Gorkha King Prithvi Narayan Shah declared that if people would not surrender, army would cut nose and lips of people. People surrendered before Gorkha army. Gorkha King Prithvi Narayan Shah entered in Patan after three months. Gorkha army broke the locks of rich people and looted them. Hundreds of elite and rich people were killed to terrorize the subjects. Gorkha soldiers did inhumanly behavior with dead body too.

**Read More about Prithvi Narayan Shah in next Chapter …
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com7/1/2015
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -532
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX

                    Reference
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
XX
History of Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Nainital, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Almora, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Uttarakhand;  Gorkha Rule over Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Champawat, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh;