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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Friday, January 9, 2015

Prithvi Narayan Shah Capturing Bhadgaon, Saptkaushiki and Morang Kingdoms

History of Gorkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -14
  
   History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -533

                        By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)

            In November, 1771, Prithvi Narayan Shah attacked on Bhadgaon. The Mall Kings of Kathmandu, Patan and Bhadgaon were in Bhadgaon Fort. In his childhood, there were cordial relations of Prithvi Narayan Shah with Bhadgaon King Families. Gorkha King Prithvi Narayan Shah did assured seven sons of Bhadgaon King that they would be princes in future too. He assured them to take short time dependency and later on Bhadgaon would be free kingdom. Seven princes allowed Gorkha army for entering into Bhadgaon. There was war between Kathmandu King Jay Prakash Mall Army and Gorkha Army. Jay Prakash Mall got gun shot on his right thigh and got injured. Jay Prakash Mall died after some time.
 Patan King was already in prison in Lakshmi Pur .  Patan King died there after short period.
    Gorkha King Prithvi Narayan Shah ordered Bhadgaon King Ranjit Mall to leave for Varanasi. Gorkha King Prithvi Narayan Shah deceived seven sons of Old Ranjit Mall. He cut nose of a few princes. When the blind mother of Bhadgaon King was forwarding for Varanasi with her widow granddaughter in law, soldiers of Gorkha King Prithvi Narayan Shah snatched jewelries of widow.
                   Chaubisi Campaign by Gorkha King Prithvi Narayan Shah
  In 1770, after winning Nepal/Newar region, Gorkha King Prithvi Narayan Shah captured Rising, Dhiring and Bhirkot Kingdoms.
   After capturing Garhu, Paiyun, Dhuwakot, Gorkha King Prithvi Narayan Shah made strategy to capture Lumjung. There was fight between Lumjung King and Gorkha Army. Gorkha army captured Lumjung Prince and was sent to Kathmandu.  Now, the Chaubisi Kings were aware about the heat from Gorkha army. They fought collectively with Gorkha Army. Chaubisi’s collective army defeated Gorkha army. Chaubisi collective Army killed Gorkha General  Kahar Singh Basnait and Minister Vanshraj Pande was captured.  Gorkha King Prithvi Narayan Shah could not win over Kingdoms of Saptagandaki region or Chaubisi.
           Capturing Saptkaushiki Region by Gorkha King Prithvi Narayan Shah
  After defeat from Saptagandaki region, Gorkha King Prithvi Narayan Shah eyed towards east that is Kirat or Saptagandaki region. His army reached to the Aruni River Bank after winning Kirat villages. In 1773, Gorkha army won over Kirat army. At the same time, Gorkha King Prithvi Narayan Shah Army captured Chaudandi Kingdom. The Chaudandi King Karnsen ran to Vijpur Kingdom and took asylum there. The smallaer Kingdomsof between Arun and Tamur Rivers accepted rule of Gorkha. Now, the Gorkha Kingdom reached to Sikkim border.
 Karnsen killed Morang King by deceptive method and captured Morang Kingdom. Now, Gorkha King Prithvi Narayan Shah captured Morang Kingdom. And handed over Morang administration to his General Abhiman Singh Basnait.


**Read More about Prithvi Narayan Shah in next Chapter …
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com9/1/2015
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -534
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX

                    Reference
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
XX
History of Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Nainital, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Almora, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Uttarakhand;  Gorkha Rule over Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Champawat, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh;