British Administration in Garhwal -13
History of British Rule/Administration over Kumaun and Garhwal (1815-1947) -29
History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -867
By: Bhishma Kukreti (History Student)
Due to lapses in tax allocating system of initial period, the government had to plea in court against many Malgujars (Tax collectors) for tax collection. The workers ., officers at lower positions in Tax department as Tehsildar, Kanungo, Patwari and even Malgujar and Sayana started exploiting farmers by transferring farmer’s right on their own names. The famers were unaware about terminology of taxation. The tax employees used to collect money from farmers but did not write on register. British administration started auctioning land of such farmers as if they were defaulters. The corrupt officials used to show the auctioned land to the properties of their relatives. High level officers were unaware about the lower position officer using corrupt practices (Dharmabhanu).
Trail understood the lapses and he put a condition that Malgujar would not leave before the agreement rime set. Till, 1826, Trail did not ask for the differences between tax allocation and actual receipt. Trail, in 1828, wrote to Board of Commissioners that Company did not provide the agriculture development money for Kumaon and Garhwal (Atkinson page 238). Trial informed that there was no balance tax for collection. Atkinson etc praised Trail. However, the reality was different. Trail used to auction the land of farmers who could not pay tax. The auction money used to be six or eight times more than actual tax. Trail was very strict in collecting tax or in auctioning defaulter’s land (Dabral).
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, email@example.com 6/8/2016
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -868
*** History of British Rule/Administration over Kumaun, (Pauri, Rudraprayag, and Chamoli) Garhwal (1815-1947) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
1-Shiv Prasad Dabral ‘Charan’, Uttarakhand ka Itihas, Part -7 Garhwal par British -Shasan, part -1, page 161- 65
2- Dharma Bhanu, History and Administration of North West Provinces (page 46- 48)
3- Atkinson, Himalayan districts vol.3
History of British Rule, Administration, Policies, Revenue system, over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies Revenue system over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system over Dehradun , Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies, ,Revenue system over Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand;
History of British Rule, Administration, Policies, Revenue system over Haridwar, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand;