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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Sunday, September 4, 2016

Dori Paimayash or Rope Measurement

Characteristics of Beckett Settlement in Garhwal -2

                            British Administration in Garhwal   -36       
       -
History of British Rule/Administration over Kumaun and Garhwal (1815-1947) -53
            History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -890
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                              By: Bhishma Kukreti (History Student)

         Officials measured the land by 20 yards rope in Beckett settlement. Garhwalis call it ‘Dori Paimayash’. ‘Dori Paimayash’ was not the creation of Beckett. The court used to use ‘Dori’ for measurement for taking decision. In 1952, Henry Ramsay also used ‘Dori’ for measuring land in Sadvrat villages of Kotauli and Maharyudi of Kumaon. The length of ‘Dori’ or rope used to be 20 yards. There were remarkable marks for one tenth, one fourth and half on ‘Dori’ or rope.

      The director of Land Record Colonel Picher described, (2), “There were two Amins and two men for pulling Dori (rope or chain) for measuring the land.  This group used to measure the length (highest point) of farm and then they used to measure farm width at two three places. The rope pullers used to shout informing the measurement to Amins. One Amin used to write immediately the area (by calculation) of that farm on Khasra (record).  Second Amin used to see walls (Pagar, Mund) , calculate measurement as per geometrical system, sketch the map by scale and put serial number of farm at that time only. After finishing one contour farm they used to precede another farm.
Amins used to measure each farm even smallest and record for land settlement.  Therefore there was record of each farm in ‘Sijara’ or ‘Khasra’.  There were also farms only 10 yard length and there were more than 3000 farms, mostly, in a village.

                    Pro Forma of Settlement

    In Beckett settlement, the followings records were there (Pauri Garhwal Report) –
1-Khasra- The records of farms with serial numbers and ownership was recorded in Khasra.
2-Muntakhip- Records of farms and owners descriptions
3-Tehrij- in Tehrif, there was separate description of each farm of a farmer /owner
4-Fant- The records of farms of owner, the land description of Khaikar or Sirtan and tax payable
  There was less corrections on those records. Dabral sates that mostly, there were least conflicts. The correction was made by red ink. Each owner’s land was recorded with ownership details (Records of Rights). The owner could see and get copy of the records (Parchi) by paying fees and could put his case before authorities. If there was correction needed, by analyzing ‘Parchi’ and record, the authority used to correct the records (Dabral).


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Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 3/9/2016
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -891
*** History of British Rule/Administration over British Garhwal (Pauri, Rudraprayag, and Chamoli1815-1947) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX   
References  
 1-Shiv Prasad Dabral ‘Charan’, Uttarakhand ka Itihas, Part -7 Garhwal par British -Shasan, part -1, page-192-193
2-Pauri Garhwal Settlement report page 58
3- Atkinson, Himalayan districts vol.3, 298

History of British Rule, Administration Beckett Dori Paimayash or Rope Measurement, Policies, Revenue system,  over Garhwal, Kumaon Beckett Dori Paimayash or Rope Measurement , Uttarakhand ; History of British Rule Beckett Dori Paimayash or Rope Measurement, Administration Beckett Dori Paimayash or Rope Measurement, Policies Revenue system  over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule Beckett Dori Paimayash or Rope Measurement, Administration, Policies Beckett Dori Paimayash or Rope Measurement, Revenue system  over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies Beckett Dori Paimayash or Rope Measurement, Revenue system  over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies Beckett Dori Paimayash or Rope Measurement, Revenue system  over Dehradun , Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies, Beckett Dori Paimayash or Rope Measurement, Revenue system  over Bageshwar  Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; Colonel Picher,
History of British Rule, Administration, Policies, Colonel Picher ,Revenue system over Haridwar, Pithoragarh Kumaon,Colonel Picher , Uttarakhand;    

Xx
History of British Rule, Administration , Policies, Revenue system,  over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; History of British Rule , Administration , Policies Revenue system  over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Dehradun , Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies, ,Revenue system  over Bageshwar  Kumaon, Uttarakhand ;
History of British Rule, Administration, Policies, Revenue system over Haridwar, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand;