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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Tuesday, September 1, 2015

Second British Attack on Khalanga /Nalapani Garhi

  Khalanga Campaign -12
     Anglo Nepalese War with   Reference to Gurkha Rule over Uttarakhand & Himachal -62
History of Gorkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -181   
             History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -704
                                         By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)

                      Gillespie planed a strategy for second attack on Khalanga/Nalapani Garhi. He was of an opinion that if Khalanga /Nalapani Garhi would be surrounded from four ways and then army would attack at the Garhi, there British would definitely would won the war.
 Gillespie divided his army into five divisions and ordered his commanders to march in night towards Khalanga and attack from next morning. The order for each commander was as follows (Williams, Memoir of Dehradun)-
 1-Captain John Fast was commanding 363 Indian soldiers and officers would attack from Lakhand village that was North West of Nalapani Hill.
2- Major Kelly was the in charge of 521 Indian soldiers and 20 Indian Pioneers. He was supposed to reach at Kharsali and from there to march towards Nalapani. Kharsali was two miles away in North of Khalanga/Nalapani hills.
3-Captain john Campbell was commander of 283 Indian soldiers and officers. Campbell was to reach in night at Ashthal village east of Saugangghere and would march from Ashthal village towards Nalapani.
4- Lieutenant Colonel carpenter was heading two companies of 53th British regiment having 588 soldiers. He was supposed to attack from Tharapani Tapda.
5- Major Ladle was in reserve for assisting Carpenter at Tharapani with   100 Irish Dragons and 991 Indian soldiers.



Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com1/9/2015
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -705
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX                    Reference

Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886, Gazetteer of Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Balchandra Sharma, Nepal ko Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press
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A.P Coleman, 1999, A Special Corps
Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of a Five Years Residence at Nepal Vol.1
Maula Ram/Mola Ram  , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
J B Fraser , Asiatic Research
Shyam Ganguli, Doon Rediscovered
Minyan Prem Singh, Guldast Tabarikh Koh Tihri Garhwal
Patiram Garhwal , Ancient and Modern
Tara Datt Gairola, Parvtiy Sanskriti
John Premble, Invasion of Nepal
Chitranjan Nepali, Bhimsen Thapa aur Tatkalin Nepal
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Saxena, Historical papers related to Kumaon
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History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Sirmour Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Kangara Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Baghat Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Punar Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand;  Nahan Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Himachal; 
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas; Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par  Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal,