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Wednesday, September 16, 2009

Garhwali literature :54

Baldev Prasad Nautiyal: Philologist, Poet and Prose maker
Bhishma Kukreti


Professor Baldev Prasad Nautiyal is famous for his article writing, writing about aspects of philology of Garhwali , and creating poetry in Garhwali . He got fame in Sanskrit literature creation and was a writer of Hindi language too.
Baldev Prasad Nautiyal was born in 1895, in Kadakot, Gagwadsyun of Pauri Garhwal. He passed M .A in Sanskrit from Lahor University , Lahor and started his career as Sanskrit lecturer in Lahor College.
Very soon, Baldev Prasad Nautiyal became expert of training to teachers, creating new style of Sanskrit study in schools and colleges, and syllabus making for Sanskrit language in Lahor. Apart from publishing many books for college studies in Sanskrit language, his book “Dwitiya Pathy Pustakam’ in Sanskrit became the most famous syllabus book for colleges.
After partition, he spent some times in Chamoli as Principal in Eastmain . Later on he shifted to Delhi.
He created a Garhwali dictionary in Lahor but was lost while escaping from Lahor to Delhi. He rewrote this dictionary in Delhi . This dictionary is more about finding the origin of Garhwali words than the meaning. However, as Kanhayalal Dandriyal could not publish his 45,000 words dictionary, Nautiyal could not publish his works of eminent . There is a sample of his work for Garhwali dictionary published by Garhwali Sahitya Parishad Lahor in 1942, titled as ‘Garhwali Shabd Bhandar’. By studying the sample, any body can guess that the work of Nautiyal is of high research and Nautiyal had deep knowledge of Sanskrit, Pali, Maghadi, Khadi Boli and Garhwali as well.
We have only left a published work in Garhwali language ’ Chhaya Ramayan’ a poetry collection and a novel in Garhwali- Byalmun-Byunral. Respectful researcher late Pitamber Dutt Devrani states that he published his memoir in Hindi and published many essays of philological subject of Garhwal language in Garhwali and Hindi as well.
Professor expired in Delhi at the age of eighty six on 30 June, 1981.

Copyright @ Bhishma Kukreti, Mumbai, India, 2009