उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका की गतिविधियाँ ई-मेल पर

Enter your email address:

Delivered by FeedBurner

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Saturday, January 7, 2017

Numbers of Mines and Mines Revenue in British Garhwal

British Ignoring Mines and Mineralogy in Garhwal -2
-
                            British Administration in Garhwal   -98
       -
History of British Rule/Administration over Kumaun and Garhwal (1815-1947) -116
-

            History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -953
-
                              By: Bhishma Kukreti (History Student)

-


 Trail offered contract for Nagpur mines for Rs.10 for the year 1815 and Rs 15 for 1816. The mines income never increased from Rs 1850. After land settlement of nearby village, the farmers did not need mining. In past, mining workers were paid for mining. Now, workers were not paid. The income from mines of Kumaon was put into Ramgarh Pargana account and account of Dhanpur of Garhwal. However, from 1826, the mines income was accounted for the respective Parganas.
 The mines income from 1815 to 1840 was as under (Atkinson) –
Mines-----------Income Rs , Kumaun --------------------Rs., Garhwal ---------Total Rs.
Copper -------------------801--------------------------------------2086--------------2887
Iron ----------------------1905------------------------------------226-----------------2131
Total----------------------2706------------------------------------2312----------------5018
The above income was inclusive of land tax of respective area.
  The coins were minted in Nagpur Garhwal and Gangoli Kumaon. The income was around Rs.300 per year.
 Becket offered details of mines income from 1839-40 till1863-64 in his Garhwal Lans ettlement report (Atkinson)-
Mines-1839-40----1844-45 –1849-50-----1854-55-------1859-60------1863-64-----Total Rs
-
Iron----609---------727--------779---------430--------------272---------------134-----------3764
-
Copper----1990-----2442-------2138-----------1305------81-----------------627------------21304
Plumbus-----  -    --5---------------5--------------3           -                           10----------------64
Total---------2599---3174----------2920----------1738--------353-----------771------------25132
Nos. Mines---24----------25---------23-------------17----------11--------------30------------76
In 1865, there was mining in 24 irons, copper, 9  and 3 plumbus mines . 33 iron mines, 35 copper mines and 3 plumbus mines were closed.
Following income in Rs. was recorded in 1878-79
Year----------------Copper ----------------Iron ------------------Total
1878------------------86.50-------------------136.75-------------222.25
1879-------------------89-----------------------153.50------------242.50


-
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 28/12/2016
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -954
-
*** History of British Rule/Administration over British Garhwal (Pauri, Rudraprayag, and Chamoli1815-1947) to be continued in next chapter
-
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX   
References  
 1-Shiv Prasad Dabral ‘Charan’, Uttarakhand ka Itihas, Part -7 Garhwal par British -Shasan, part -1, page- 279-286
 2- Atkinson, Himalayan Districts, Vol.-1 page 274, 275, 259
3- Walton, Garhwal gazetteer, page 151
4- Saksena, Historical papers related to Kumaon , letter -1 page 9, letter 78, page 216
Xx

History of British Rule, Administration , Policies, Revenue system,  over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; History of British Rule , Administration , Policies Revenue system  over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Dehradun , Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies, ,Revenue system  over Bageshwar  Kumaon, Uttarakhand ;
History of British Rule, Administration, Policies, Revenue system over Haridwar, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand;