Critical and Chronological History of Modern Garhwali (Asian) Poetry –-151
Literature Historian: Bhishma Kukreti
Garhwali critics position Girish Sundriyal in Garhwali poetic field as critics appreciate the works of poets of West Indies as Derek Walcott, Edward K. Brathwait, E.A Markham, grace Nichols, Fred D’Angiar, James Berry , Linton K. Johnson, Luis Bennett, Loma Goodison, Oliver Senior, Martin Carter, Mervyn Morris, Michael Smith for making Garhwali poetry competent enough to stand with international modern poems, or Spanish poets as Claudio Rodriguez , Félix Grande , José Ángel Valente , Francisco Brine, Ángel González , Carlos Barral ,José Agustín Goytisolo for his simplicity In narrating lyrical poems, making lyric rich poetries, creating social verses, praising rural world and harmony in community in elated way , providing experimental touches, bridging social poetry with next generation,.
Madan Duklan a famous critic and editor states about the poems of Girish Sundriyal ,” The poetry is the result of fine blending of emotion, thinking, focused thinking, experiencing and expression. However, we may call a poem successful when it communicates to readers directly to their hearts and brain and provokes the readers. Girish Sundariyal is successful in these parameters.”
There are seventy two poems (mainly Geet or lyrical poems) in this first poetry collection of Girish Sundriyal and each poems is of different facet, different subject, different flavor and different emotions.
The subject varies from comparison between past and present changes out of which many are damaging or harmful wither for environment, culture, auspiciously, environment, amicable social structure or humanity.
Most of the poems are concerned for need of individuality for the society, humanity and environment. The poet talks about individuality but as part and partial of society and humanity .
When the poet narrates about the experiences of women of rural Garhwal, it seems as if Girish Sundriyal is in the form of women of rural Garhwal. This is speciality of Girish that his poems speak as if Girish is women, child, tree, Dharud (drinking water source ), domestic or wild animal. . The simple narration in simple Garhwali wordings make the poems readable, enjoyable and provocative too .
Madan Duklan states tha many times, it is just impossible for the poet in tolerating regionalism, caste /sect related classicism, corruption at all levels, migration, unemployment and such poems accuse the culprits bluntly and boldly.
The poets touched many contemporary subjects as worsening political scenario, non balance between modernism and protection of culture, no proper futuristic education availability, carelessness in administration etc and Girish is successful in inciting the readers.
The language of all poems is simple, understandable and Girish does show not have any greed for showing his intellectuality/superiority for using unnecessary Sanskrit and Hindi words as many Garhwali language creative do. Girish takes symbols and images form experiences, from daily happenings, and from community. These common symbols and images in his poems are the specialty that readers are engaged to his each poem. Rhythms and lyrical style in creating poetry is the style of Girish which make him exclusive among his contemporary.
Overall, Girish Sundriyal is successful in showing the images of contemporary rural Garhwal in Anwar (the first poetry collection of Girish ) and proved that Girish is one of the remarkable, sensitive, social oriented, poets of Garhwali language of his time and proved that the next generation poets have to follow him in may aspects of poetry creation.
Anwar (A Garhwali Poetry Collection)
By Girish Sundriyal
Year of Publication: 2006
Himalay Lok Sahity evm Sanskriti Vikash Trust
C/O Madan Duklan, 16 A Rakhshapurum (ladpur)
P.O Raipur, Dehradun, 248008