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Sunday, January 8, 2017

Khigtat : The Best Example of Fine Blending od Humour and Satire in Poetry

(Review of Khigtat a Poetry Collection of Harish Juyal ‘Kutz’)
Critical and Chronological History of Modern Garhwali (Asian) Poetry –-
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                    Literature Historian:  Bhishma Kukreti



            Madan Duklan ( a Garhwali language critic and editor) is of opinion that the poems of volume Khigtat of Harish Juyal are more of humorous than satirical and could be positioned with the poems of famous humorists as Arthur Guiterman, Bert Leston Taylor, Christopher Darlington Morley, Donald Robert Perry Marguis, Dorothy Parker, James   ,Franklin Pierce Adams, Margaret Fishback, , Oliver Herford,Ogden Nash,   Richard Willard Armour, , Samuel Goodman Hoffenstein, , Phyllis McGinley,  Whitcomb Riley. However, famous Garhwali language poet and lyricist Girish Sundriyal calls him as the King of Satire of Garhwali poetry.  This is because, Harish Juyal ‘Kutz’ is the specialist or expert of finest way off blending humour with sharp satire of Garhwali language. When he uses customary, daily uses Garhwali words in creating satire, the readers cant judge whether the poetry is more humorous or is having more dozes of sharp satire. 
 No doubt, the first poetry collection ‘ Uktat’ of Harish Juyal  is more satirical  but the second poetry collection ‘Khigtat ‘ is more humorous than satire. 
  There are thirty eight poems in the volume ‘Khigtat’ and all are gems of Garhwali literature. 
   Harish Juyal has a very sensitive eye to find the odd happenings in the society and then has a his own style, has best vocabulary to describe the happenings in hilarious way. His attack by hilarious methodology on the wrong happenings is more on society than political system because (it seems) his concept is that political construction is nothing but the way society behaves as a whole.  That is why, in this poetry volume,  we find the satirical and humorous attack on society itself than political system (as most of other poets do attack on political structure) and if he attacks on political system the society is involved there.  There are thirty eight subjects and each poetry’s subject is different than others which means in this volume of poetry, Harish dealt each main subject of the society. When he narrates the Garhwali Vyanjan (Ethnic food of Garhwal) , you cant be without with ought laughing. If in Uktat, provocation (sharp satire) was on top seat, the humour is on top slot in the poetry collection Khigtat’ 
  Harish is praised for his narrating the subject different style than his contemporary poets      in poetic form but that style is hundred percent Garhwali style including Doha, Chhand, Chaupaya, and his own style is narrating poetry in Jagar form or Ukhel form. He follows famous world class poet Kanhya Lal Dandriyal Dhabdi poetry (mixed languages poetry) form and juyal is successful in making evolution there too.
 Harish does not use borrowed symbols from Hindi but he takes pure Garhwali symbols which make his poetry real Garhwali poetry and without any complexity. Juyal uses figures of speeches ( Alankar) which are there in street of village and of daily uses and using those figures of speech in his won style is the specialty of Harish Juyal which, make him exclusive among crowd.
  This poetry collection requires distribution among migrated Garhwali and this guarentee evn the Garhwalis who never rread Garhwali literature will read all his poems of Khigtat and those migrated Garhwalis will definitely say “Where is another poetry collection of Harish Juyal” 
 Overall, Khigtat is the mile stone in the history of Garhwali poetic field for its narration, using figures of speeches, symbols and images; and different style of narrating the subject by Harish Juyal. 
 Khigtat (Garhwali Poetry collection)
Poet: Harish Juyal ‘Kutz’
Year of Publication: 2004
Publisher: Samay Sakhsy , 15 Faltu Line, Dehradun, 248001
Copyight @ Bhishma Kukreti, Mumbai, India, 2