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Saturday, January 7, 2017

British ignoring Mines and Minerals of Garhwal

British Administration in Garhwal   -97
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History of British Rule/Administration over Kumaun and Garhwal (1815-1947) -115
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            History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -952
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                              By: Bhishma Kukreti (History Student)

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 It is said that the contractual income for Nagpur Copper mines for Garhwal Kingdom was Rs 5000 (British Rs 3800) in Garhwal Kingdom. Gorkha never paid attention on developing Garhwal resources and their erratic polices never encouraged investors for investing in mines or other resources. Therefore, in 1812, the state income from mines from Garhwal and Kumaon together dropped to Gurkhali Rs 4800 (British Rs 3600).
  There was discussion among British administrators about mines in the initiating years of British Rule. In 1814, Hearsay wrote to John Adam the Company Secretary about well developed copper mines in Garhwal and about iron ores. (Atkinson and Saksena)
 After British captured Garhwal, top administrators instructed Gardner the first Kumaun Commissioner for dispatching ore samples to Kolkata from Kumaon and Garhwal. (Saksena). The officers dispatched ore samples from Gangoli and Seera of Kumaon to Kolkata and there, British experts did not find the ores profitable. Government instructed to run mines as they were run in past. (Atkinson).
 The details of mines in Garhwal Kingdom period is already cited in ‘Administration, Social and Cultural Characteristics History of Garhwal in Shah Dynasty -12’.



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Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 27/12/2016
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -953
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*** History of British Rule/Administration over British Garhwal (Pauri, Rudraprayag, and Chamoli1815-1947) to be continued in next chapter
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(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
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References  
 1-Shiv Prasad Dabral ‘Charan’, Uttarakhand ka Itihas, Part -7 Garhwal par British -Shasan, part -1, page- 279-286
 2- Atkinson, Himalayan Districts, Vol.-1 page 274
3- Walton, Garhwal gazetteer, page 151
4- Saksena, Historical papers related to Kumaon , letter -1 page 9, letter 78, page 216
Xx

History of British Rule, Administration , Policies, Revenue system,  over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; History of British Rule , Administration , Policies Revenue system  over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Dehradun , Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies, ,Revenue system  over Bageshwar  Kumaon, Uttarakhand ;
History of British Rule, Administration, Policies, Revenue system over Haridwar, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand;