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Friday, April 1, 2016

Nepalese Resident Bamshah endeavoring for Compromise with British

History British Campaign for Capturing Kumaon -20

Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -233

             History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -761
                                                           
                                         By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)

                    Kumaon Resident of Nepal Bamshah was aware of British preparation for conflict with Nepal. Edward Gardner sent Bamshah letters for guessing his intentions but Bamshah did not show the reality through his communications. Edward Gardner, lieutenant Colonel Gardner, Hearsay were busy in preparation for Kumaon attack from January 1815. Edward Gardner sent letter to Bamshah from Kashipur. However, the letters from Bamshah were not offering any intention of Bamshah.
   Bamshah was also busy in preparation for future war with British. On 16th January 1815, Bamshah sent a letter to Governor General’s Agent Colebrook with his two emissaries (Vakil)- Hari Krishna Tiwari and Babu Neelnarayan.  Letter was as –
“  I sent a letter in response your letter about Jagir for Lal Singh Chaudhari Mahtab of Tahsildar of Kashipur and Tahsildar of Mirja Muhammad Bullekhan, I requested you for peaceful compromise on disputed matters.  I requested your representatives for discussion but they did not respond .When Governor General was supposed to visit Kashipur via Moradabad I decided for sending my representative with a letter and Gifts of Hill produces. However, when I came to know that you went to Farukhabad from Moradabad and Governor Genral went to Haridwar from Kashipur and I had to cancel the program.
             Initially, there was peaceful relation between Nepal and British. However, these days, we dispute for petty matters. Please inform how there should be friendly relation between Nepal and British. I shall cooperate with you for creating friendly relation between Nepal and British”
   The above letter was clear that Bamshah was devoted to his Kingdom and Nepal was not ready for real friendship. Now, British officers were clear that Bamshah would not breach his Kingdom.
  The representatives of Bamshah were till March in Fatehgarh.  They were now in debt due to long stay in Fatehgarh. As per advice of John Adam, Colebrook paid them money and sent them to L Colonel Gardner with his peons.  
  At the same time , Bamshah also sent letter to Harshdev Joshi with his trusted man. Harshdev Joshi sent that letter to Edward Gardner.  Edward Gardner was now clear that Bamshah was taking time for new army coming to Kumaon from Nepal or Garhwal.
  Colebrook repalied letter to Bamshah that British officials were satisfied with Bamshah. Bamshah was adviced to sent future communication to Edward Gardner who was in charge of Political Policies for Kumaun.

(From writings of Bengal- Past and Present January, Atkinson, Sanwal, Saxsena,  Fraser etc) 
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 29/3/2016
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -762
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX                    Reference           
                 
Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886, Gazetteer of Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Balchandra Sharma, Nepal ko Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press
Minyan Govrdhan Singh , History of Himachal Pradesh
A.P Coleman, 1999, A Special Corps
Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of a Five Years Residence at Nepal Vol.1
Maula Ram/Mola Ram  , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
J B Fraser , Asiatic Research
Shyam Ganguli, Doon Rediscovered
Minyan Prem Singh, Guldast Tabarikh Koh Tihri Garhwal
Patiram Garhwal , Ancient and Modern
Tara Datt Gairola, Parvtiy Sanskriti
John Premble, Invasion of Nepal
Chitranjan Nepali, Bhimsen Thapa aur Tatkalin Nepal
Sanwal, Nepal and East India Company
Nagendra kr Singh, Refugee to Ruler
Saxena, Historical papers related to Kumaon
Paper Respecting Nepal War by East India Company (papers in Stock)
Basu, Rise of Christian Power in India)
Moti Lal Ghosh, an article in Amrit Bazar Patrika
XXX
History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Sirmour Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Kangara Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Baghat Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Punar Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand;  Nahan Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; 
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par  Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal