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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Tuesday, April 19, 2016

Delay in Hearsay Campaign

Gurkha/Nepalese defeating Hearsay   -2
                                        
                 History British Campaign for Capturing Kumaon -34

Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -247
            History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -775          
                                                           
                                         By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)
  British strategists instructed Hearsay for capturing ‘Timla Ghat’ on the north of Pilibhit , heading to Kali River valley and destroying Jhula (rope bridges ) on the river. By destroying rope bridges on Kali River would make difficulties for Hasti Dal army crossing Kali River and entering into Kumaon.  However, in early February 1815, a few prisoners of Bareli Jail attacked on jail guards.  Prisoners took away weapons and freed other prisoners too. By night, after capturing weapons, the prisoners were busy in fighting with guards sent by British command. Later on prisoners escaped by leaping jail walls.  That was the reason that Hearsay had to delay his campaign.  The army company of Shahjhanpur that was supposed to company with Hearsay was kept for while for administrating in the locality. Therefore, army company of Shahjahanpur could not report to Hearsay as per schedule. British commander instructed Hearsay for appoing new 300 irregular Rohila soldiers.
 The resposnibilty of Hearsay was to defend the Ghats of Kali River spreading 43 Kos. Hearsay had to defend Ghat of Kali River. However, Hearsay was in hurry to win over Gurkha that he could get Jagir in Dehradun. When on 13th February 1815, Hearsay reached to Bilhari of Pilibhit his 150 soldiers out of 1500 soldiers could not march. Those soldiers were kept at some strategic places as under –
 10 Soldiers in Pilibhit for defending Kamsariyat
50 Soldiers in Shahjhanpur for protecting Jail
16 Soldiers in Fatehgarh  for protection of battle articles
5 Soldiers in Bareli for appointing new soldiers
5 Soldiers in Bareli  for protecting soldiers and dresses etc
50 Soldiers in  Balihari for protection of Depot
12 ill Soldiers in Balihari  
 Before, Hearsay reached Balihari, Gurkha soldiers ran away from Balihari. Hearsay established his camp in Balihari. Hearsay instructed his Gun powder making workers for producing gun powder, On 13th Gardner also captured Chilkiya Ghat. Gurkha soldiers put poison in wells before leaving Bilhari. By taking poisonous water 78 soldiers of Hearsay fell ill.

(From writings of B D Pande, Atkinson, Preamble, Sanwal, Saxsena,  Fraser etc) 
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 15/4/2016
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -776
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun,
Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX                    Reference           
                 
Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886, Gazetteer of Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Balchandra Sharma, Nepal ko Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press
Minyan Govrdhan Singh , History of Himachal Pradesh
A.P Coleman, 1999, A Special Corps
Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of a Five Years Residence at Nepal Vol.1
Maula Ram/Mola Ram  , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
J B Fraser , Asiatic Research
Shyam Ganguli, Doon Rediscovered
Minyan Prem Singh, Guldast Tabarikh Koh Tihri Garhwal
Patiram Garhwal , Ancient and Modern
Tara Datt Gairola, Parvtiy Sanskriti
John Premble, Invasion of Nepal
Chitranjan Nepali, Bhimsen Thapa aur Tatkalin Nepal
Sanwal, Nepal and East India Company
Nagendra kr Singh, Refugee to Ruler
Saxena, Historical papers related to Kumaon
Paper Respecting Nepal War by East India Company (papers in Stock)
Basu, Rise of Christian Power in India)
Moti Lal Ghosh, an article in Amrit Bazar Patrika

History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Sirmour Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Kangara Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Baghat Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Punar Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand;  Nahan Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  History of Nepal, History of Doti Nepal, History of Nepalese/ Gurkha regime
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par  Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal