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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Tuesday, April 5, 2016

British Army in Kosi River Valley

History British Campaign for Capturing Kumaon -24

Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -237
             History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -765
                                                           
                                         By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)

                  On 16th February 1815, British army went ahead in Kosi River valley and camped at Chukam. Till that time, due to unavailability of loaders, Guns and other weapons could not br brought there. British army stayed in Chukam  for two days. Then, British army reached far ahead in Kumaon Hills. It was necessary for British commanders for protecting link line from plains to Kosi Valley.
             There was an army camp of Gurkha/Nepalese at Kotagarhi at right side of Dabkan Rivulet that was east south of Chukam. On 18th February 1815, L.C Gardner sent 300 soldiers for getting rid  of Gurkha/Nepalese soldiers from Kotagarhi. Before, British army reached at Kotagarhi, Gurkha/Nepalese soldiers fled from Kotagarhi towards hills. L.C Gardner put a an army company there in Kotagarhi. On the same day Lieutenant Colonel Gardner sent 300 soldiers for capturing Tungadakhal  Garhi. The army could reach Kosi valley from Tungrakhal.
  In between Ramganga and Kosi River there was a hill top –‘Kath ki Nav’ and there was Gurkha soldier camp. Pande mentioned that there was wooden fortress. That camp was very important for defending Link Line. On 19th February 1815, Gardner sent 500 soldiers for capturing ‘Kath ki Nav’ hill top.  Gurkha/Nepalese soldiers left the camp without any fight and reached to Gagar Garhi. On the same day, British army captured Ukhaldhunga (7 miles away from Kosi river). In evening Gardner sent a column to a hill top (right of Ukhaldhunga).  From that Hill Top, there were two roads one for Tangurakhal and other to Lohgaliyakhal.  Gurkha commander sent his soldiers on a hill top just parralle but part of that Hill top too. There was gun firing between two armies. There was gun firing till late night. British army reached to another hill top and pushed away Gurkha soldiers. Then, British army had safe link line between Tungrakhal and Lohgaliyaghat.  At the same time there was information that Gurkha/Nepalese army vacated from two Garhis of Kota.  
  On 21st February 1815, British 700 soldier’s army camped in Sethi hill top in Kosi Valley. L.C Colonel took necessary cautions for defense.

(From writings of B D Pande, Atkinson, Sanwal, Saxsena,  Fraser etc) 
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 3/4/2016
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -766
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX                    Reference           
                 
Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886, Gazetteer of Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Balchandra Sharma, Nepal ko Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press
Minyan Govrdhan Singh , History of Himachal Pradesh
A.P Coleman, 1999, A Special Corps
Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of a Five Years Residence at Nepal Vol.1
Maula Ram/Mola Ram  , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
J B Fraser , Asiatic Research
Shyam Ganguli, Doon Rediscovered
Minyan Prem Singh, Guldast Tabarikh Koh Tihri Garhwal
Patiram Garhwal , Ancient and Modern
Tara Datt Gairola, Parvtiy Sanskriti
John Premble, Invasion of Nepal
Chitranjan Nepali, Bhimsen Thapa aur Tatkalin Nepal
Sanwal, Nepal and East India Company
Nagendra kr Singh, Refugee to Ruler
Saxena, Historical papers related to Kumaon
Paper Respecting Nepal War by East India Company (papers in Stock)
Basu, Rise of Christian Power in India)
Moti Lal Ghosh, an article in Amrit Bazar Patrika
XXX
History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Sirmour Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Kangara Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Baghat Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Punar Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand;  Nahan Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; 
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par  Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal