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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Sunday, April 10, 2016

Gurkha/Nepalese Army Camping in Kumpur /Ranikhet Kumaon

History British Campaign for Capturing Kumaon -29

Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -242
             History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -770                  
                                                           
                                         By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)

   Gurkha/Nepalese army failed in stopping British army entering in Bhujan/Bujan and Chaumukhia /Chamua).  Gurkha/Nepalese army made strategy for stopping British Army march at Kumpur/Ranikhet. British army had to go ahead of the hill Chamua/Chaumukhiya to the  Katallekh Hill. The Katallekh Hill reached to near Almora east. The narrow lane on the Katallekh shrine was safe for British army.
                  As per strategy, Gurkha/Nepalese army reached to Kumpur (Ranikhet region) Hill at height of 5983 Feet. Gurkha army erected Fence there that was opposite of Chaumukhia /Chamua Hill.  Kumpur camp was important from battle point of view as British army had to cross Kumpur ( in Ranikhet) hill for reaching Almora city.
                   The Gurkha/Nepalese Army camp was in such a place that Lieutenant Colonel Gardner Army had to head on with Nepalese Army for reaching Almora. Gardner asked maximum numbers of soldiers for reaching at his Camp. Gardner asked soldiers of Kota and Kath ki Nav camps to reach his camp at Chamua /Chaumukhia. Only fifty soldiers and one police inspector was kept each in both the camps. Tiil that time, food supply also did not reach to Chamua/Chaumukhiya Camp .
  On 18th February, British army camped at Kapina Hill that was nearer to Kampur Hill. The British Camp was just opposite of fenece of Nepalese Army Camp.  There were 1500 Gurkha/Nepalese soldiers in the camp. It was difficult to win over Gurkha army at that place. British army was also not having appliances for  breaking the fence of camp.
 From 28th February to 22nd March 1815, British Army had to stay in that Camp at Kapina Hill. One day, a few Nepalese soldiers attacked on British camp with Khukari (Swords). Rohilla soldiers defeated Nepalese soldiers. Second day, 600 Gurkha/Nepalese soldiers attacked on British camp. Same numbers of Rohilla soldiers defeated Nepalese soldiers. By 8thMarch , more 850 Rohila soldiers reached to British Army camp. Now, L. Colonel Gardner decided to attack on Gurkha/Nepalese Camp.


(From writings of B D Pande, Atkinson, Sanwal, Saxsena,  Fraser etc) 
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 10/4/2016
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -771
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX                    Reference           
                 
Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886, Gazetteer of Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Balchandra Sharma, Nepal ko Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press
Minyan Govrdhan Singh , History of Himachal Pradesh
A.P Coleman, 1999, A Special Corps
Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of a Five Years Residence at Nepal Vol.1
Maula Ram/Mola Ram  , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
J B Fraser , Asiatic Research
Shyam Ganguli, Doon Rediscovered
Minyan Prem Singh, Guldast Tabarikh Koh Tihri Garhwal
Patiram Garhwal , Ancient and Modern
Tara Datt Gairola, Parvtiy Sanskriti
John Premble, Invasion of Nepal
Chitranjan Nepali, Bhimsen Thapa aur Tatkalin Nepal
Sanwal, Nepal and East India Company
Nagendra kr Singh, Refugee to Ruler
Saxena, Historical papers related to Kumaon
Paper Respecting Nepal War by East India Company (papers in Stock)
Basu, Rise of Christian Power in India)
Moti Lal Ghosh, an article in Amrit Bazar Patrika
XXX
History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Sirmour Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Kangara Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Baghat Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Punar Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand;  Nahan Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  History of Nepal, History of Doti Nepal, History of Gurkha regime
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par  Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal