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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Wednesday, April 20, 2016

Kumaunis Supporting British Army

Gurkha/Nepalese defeating Hearsay   -4
                                                                
                 History British Campaign for Capturing Kumaon -36

Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -249
            History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -777          
                                                           
                          By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)

            On 13th February 1815, Hearsay reached Bilhari from Pilibhit with his army. Hearsay stayed for a week in Bilhari. Hearsay had 14 copies of ‘Declaration for Kumaunis by Gardner’, 5 copies of pamphlets ‘Hukum Ishthar’ and 4 letters by Harsh Dev Joshi for influential Kumaunis. Hearsay distributed those copies in Kali-Kumaun belt. Within a week of distribution of those documents, Fartyal, Mahar, Tadagi major group leaders of Kali –Kumaon with 98 Topidar Gunmen reached to Hearsay camp. All showed enthusiasm for British army success in Kumaun before Hearsay. By 19th February 1815, there were 150 Topidhari Gunmen from Kumaon with Hearsay.  Kumauni labor started increasing in British army day by day.
   A man Daulat Singh (Perhaps Tadagi) reached to Hearsay camp with his 200- 300 soldiers with weapons. Daulat Singh asked for Guns , and Gun powder. Hearsay fulfilled demand of Daulat Singh. However, Hearsay could not pay cash to Daulat Singh.
    British army command permitted Hearsay appointing irregular Hill men soldiers. Hearsay started appointing soldiers from Hill. At least 10 Hill soldiers were there in his each company. Those irregular Hill soldiers were there to replace ill soldiers and soldiers leaving Britsh army.
  


(From writings of B D Pande, Atkinson, Preamble, Sanwal, Saxsena,  Fraser etc) 
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 20/4/2016
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -778
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun,
Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX                    Reference           
                 
Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886, Gazetteer of Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Balchandra Sharma, Nepal ko Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press
Minyan Govrdhan Singh , History of Himachal Pradesh
A.P Coleman, 1999, A Special Corps
Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of a Five Years Residence at Nepal Vol.1
Maula Ram/Mola Ram  , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
J B Fraser , Asiatic Research
Shyam Ganguli, Doon Rediscovered
Minyan Prem Singh, Guldast Tabarikh Koh Tihri Garhwal
Patiram Garhwal , Ancient and Modern
Tara Datt Gairola, Parvtiy Sanskriti
John Premble, Invasion of Nepal
Chitranjan Nepali, Bhimsen Thapa aur Tatkalin Nepal
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Basu, Rise of Christian Power in India)
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History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Sirmour Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Kangara Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Baghat Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Punar Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand;  Nahan Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  History of Nepal, History of Doti Nepal, History of Nepalese/ Gurkha regime
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par  Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal