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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Thursday, April 28, 2016

Arrival of Nepalese / Gurkha Commander Hastidal in Kumaon

 Gurkha/Nepalese defeating Hearsay -11     
                 History British Campaign for Capturing Kumaon -43
Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -256
            History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -784          
                          By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)

                 In early days of February there was information to Hearsay that Gurkha/Nepalese are planning war planning in Achham of Doti region and Commander Hastidal was ready for crossing kali River for freeing British captured region.  On 19th February 1815, Hearsay instructed Amankhan  the commander of 200 irregular Rohila soldiers for crossing Kali River at Mundiyaghat and enter into Doti. On the same day, Hearsay requested Gardner for sending Prithvipati Shah the ex King of Doti to reach Doti with soldiers companying Amankhan. The idea was that byt enterance of Amankhan and Prithvipati Shah , Hastidal would be engaged in Doti.
  In March, Hearsay paid advance to  Kusumkhan for appointing 250 soldiers for protection of Mundiyaghat , Kali River.  The soldiers (exaggerated figure- around 600-700) were trying for crossing Kali River at  Mundiyagha. However, Nepalese soldiers could not cross Kali River. Kusumkhan got information of Hastidal coming to Kali River. Kusumkhan requested Hearsay for more soldiers. Hearsay instructed for 150 soldiers reaching to help Kusumkhan.
            Hearsay requested Gardner for attacking Doti immediately. As if Doti was not captured, Nepalese army could reach to Kumaon and then it was difficult for capturing Kumaon. Hearsay informed Gardner that around 300 Nepalese soldiers had already crossed Kali from Nepal region into Kumaon region. Hearsay argued that by the arrival of more army men from Nepal would disturb the communication line from Pilibhit to Kumaon. Hearsay also informed about fear of Dacoits looting supply at Bareli depot.
  However, Amankhan could not appoint more than 50 soldiers. Amankhan reached to Unlaghat of Kali River  with 52 soldiers. Amankhan dag ditches for protecting Gurkha army. Vikramshah was there with Nepalese army  in Nepal region at Kali River bank.   Amankhan sent a lteer to hearsay that Jamindar of Doti wrote him letter that as soon as I (Amankhan) would reach to Doti Jamindar would help me (Amankhan). Amankhan assured and requested to Hearsay for sending 800 soldiers or at least 600 soldiers for capturing Doti.
   Trusting on Amankhan, Hearsay requested Gardner for sending more troops for Doti campaign.
      In Katolgarh region where British army camps were there, Nepalese soldiers put poison in Water well or ponds.  Out of all 2 soldiers died and 97 soldiers became severely ill. 7 Kumauni soldiers also die by taking poisonous water. Hearsay could assure soldiers with difficulty.
   On 14th March Nepalese army attacked on British army at Brahmdev Mandi (Kali River bank). British army defeated that attack. However, British army had to make severe losses. The uncle of Prrithvipati Shah was killed in the battle. Jagjit Shah the brother of Prithvipati Shah was with Prithvipati and Prithvipati was injured. Prithvipati had to return to Pilibhit.
 Therefore, British postponed for attacking on Doti.

(From writings of B D Pande, Atkinson, Preamble, Sanwal, Saxsena,  Fraser etc) 
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 28/4/2016
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -785
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX                    Reference           
Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886, Gazetteer of Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
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Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
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L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
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Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
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History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Sirmour Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Kangara Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Baghat Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Punar Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand;  Nahan Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  History of Nepal, History of Doti Nepal, History of Nepalese/ Gurkha regime
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par  Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal