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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Friday, April 8, 2016

Gardner taking Alternate Path for Army March

History British Campaign for Capturing Kumaon -26

Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -239
             History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -767
                                                           
                                         By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)

       Lieutenant Colonel Gardner was aware of Alternate Path for reaching Almora and avoiding Bhujan Path where Gurkha Commander Angad Sardar was camping with army. Most probably, Gardner was having arough map of Kumaon too. Almora is situated at the bank of Kosi River that flows from its birth place directly from North to South for 15 miles. Approximately 10 miles South of Almora, Kosi turns west from Sual River meeting place. Kosi river turns south from Chukam and flows likewise till Kashipur crossing Dhikuli, Chilkiya. Kankadighat and Khairna are at same distances from Bhujan where Angad Sardar was camping. There is a bend at Kosi river at Bhujan. A narrow path goes from that bend to Pantpipal and Amela of Kosi valley. Amela is situated 15 miles west of Bhujan and reaces to Almora. Lieutenant Colonel too a narrow path near to Pantpipal and Amela that is west of Kosi.
   There were a couple benefits for marching through alternate path for British troop. Gardner could easily contact with people of west of Kumaon and east of Garhwal.  That region was the fertile most region in Kumaon and British army could get food easily from the region. Even, British army could cut food supply from the region to Gurkha/Nepalese army staying at Almora. That path was also to cut communication line of Gurkha/Nepalese administrators from Kumaon to Garhwal. It was easy to capture Almora from that path as Gurkha cammanders did not pay attention on defending that path. While there were Gurkha army posts  on the main road of south west of Almora.

(From writings of B D Pande, Atkinson, Sanwal, Saxsena,  Fraser etc) 
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 7/4/2016
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -768
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX                    Reference           
                 
Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886, Gazetteer of Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Balchandra Sharma, Nepal ko Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press
Minyan Govrdhan Singh , History of Himachal Pradesh
A.P Coleman, 1999, A Special Corps
Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of a Five Years Residence at Nepal Vol.1
Maula Ram/Mola Ram  , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
J B Fraser , Asiatic Research
Shyam Ganguli, Doon Rediscovered
Minyan Prem Singh, Guldast Tabarikh Koh Tihri Garhwal
Patiram Garhwal , Ancient and Modern
Tara Datt Gairola, Parvtiy Sanskriti
John Premble, Invasion of Nepal
Chitranjan Nepali, Bhimsen Thapa aur Tatkalin Nepal
Sanwal, Nepal and East India Company
Nagendra kr Singh, Refugee to Ruler
Saxena, Historical papers related to Kumaon
Paper Respecting Nepal War by East India Company (papers in Stock)
Basu, Rise of Christian Power in India)
Moti Lal Ghosh, an article in Amrit Bazar Patrika
XXX
History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Sirmour Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Kangara Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Baghat Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Punar Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand;  Nahan Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; 
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par  Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal