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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Tuesday, August 8, 2017

Shrinagar Social Structure

 British Administration in Garhwal   -146
       -
History of British Rule/Administration over Kumaun and Garhwal (1815-1947) -166
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            History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -1000
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                              By: Bhishma Kukreti (History Student)
                  According to Trail, Shrinagar was prosperous town/city. He stated that Shrinagar was greater than Almora in terms of area and population. However, due to earthquake, flood, and Gorkha rule, it lost its glory. After British took over, the business in Shrinagar weakened. The business link with Tehri from Shrinagar also diminished. The business from east north Garhwal weakened as business links shifted to Kumaon. The businessmen of Shrinagar started shifting to Kumaon or Tehri. Shrinagar Businessmen now, depended on summer pilgrimage only.
      In 1821, the social structure was as follows in Shrinagar-
Total houses – 562 and numbers of house owners were as follows-
Dom- 96 Houses
Muslims- 28
Hindus – 438
Brahmin – 120
Gusain – 73
Shopkeepers and goldsmith – 84
Prostitutes – 39
Small farmers and others -122
  Surprisingly, Trail did not include Dom (Scheduled caste) among Hindu and did not count Rajput separately.
   The statement of  Shripur Lila a hand written booklet  that there were 5000 house of Nagarkoti, 1000 houses of Brahmins, 1200 houses of Rajput, Business community and Untouchables , 60 houses of Muslims, 10 houses of metal smiths , 10 houses of Chhopiyon , 5 of mining community, and 5 of Mussbaron seems be totally exaggerated
 xxx   
References  
1-Shiv Prasad Dabral ‘Charan’, Uttarakhand ka Itihas, Part -7 Garhwal par British -Shasan, part -1, page- 332-456
2-Scatch of Kumaon 147-158


Xx

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India,bjkukreti@gmail.com 2/8/2017
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -1001
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*** History of British Rule/Administration over British Garhwal (Pauri, Rudraprayag, and Chamoli1815-1947) to be continued in next chapter
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(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)

Forest settlement , History of British Rule, Administration , Policies, Revenue system,  over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; Forest settlement , History of British Rule , Administration , Policies Revenue system  over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Forest settlement ,  History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Dehradun , Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies, ,Revenue system  over Bageshwar  Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; Patwari , Civil Police History of British Rule, Forest settlement,  Administration, Policies, Revenue system over Haridwar, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand;