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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Tuesday, August 8, 2017

Shrinagar Social Structure -4

 British Administration in Garhwal   -149
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History of British Rule/Administration over Kumaun and Garhwal (1815-1947) -169
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            History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -1003
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                              By: Bhishma Kukreti (History Student)
    There was Nagraja temple at upper side in north of Joshi house. The Dangwal houses, their garden and farms   were there in south of Nagraja temple. Craftsmen had houses in west of Dangwal house after crossing the road. There was a garden and a huge Dak bungalow on east of road. Perhaps Baldock built the bungalow. There was a tomb of English deputy collector. There was a Sanskrit school nearby Dak bungalow.
              Police station was there in a big house situated in south of Bazar and bazar was in north of Dak Bungalow.
            In Garhwal Kings time, police station chief was called ‘Barakandaj’ and now, he was called Thanedar. On courtyard of Thane (police station), there was a big wood log. Hakim or police used to hook criminal’s feet on that wood. Trail stopped that custom and started cuffing hands and keeping them in prison. In that big hose, there were Tehsil, cash locker and court. There used to be judicial hearing and decision for Garhwal in that  court at initial British rule period.  
     Below, Police Station, there was big kotha of Saklani community. The doors were very wide and on top of them, there were carved elephants. The Kaunsi ( Baithak, conference room or drawing room)  was on third floor and was very decorative. No house was marvelous as Saklani Kotha in Shrinagar.
  In west of Bazar, there was a banyan tree. Hanuman idol was there under banyan tree. Later on Hanuman idol was established on the wall of Dharmashala of Ganesh bazar.

xxx   
References  
1-Shiv Prasad Dabral ‘Charan’, Uttarakhand ka Itihas, Part -7 Garhwal par British -Shasan, part -1, page- 332-456
2-Dangwal, Punyasthal, Shrinagar


Xx

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India,bjkukreti@gmail.com 5/8/2017
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -1004
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*** History of British Rule/Administration over British Garhwal (Pauri, Rudraprayag, and Chamoli1815-1947) to be continued in next chapter
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(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)

Forest settlement , History of British Rule, Administration , Policies, Revenue system,  over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; Forest settlement , History of British Rule , Administration , Policies Revenue system  over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Forest settlement ,  History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Dehradun , Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies, ,Revenue system  over Bageshwar  Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; Patwari , Civil Police History of British Rule, Forest settlement,  Administration, Policies, Revenue system over Haridwar, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand;