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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Monday, November 23, 2015

Incompetency of Sudarshan Shah in Inspiring Garhwalis against Gurkha

  Anglo Nepalese War with   Reference to Gurkha Rule over Uttarakhand & Himachal -82
History of Gorkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -198   
             History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -724
                                         By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)

              British Capturing Chumvagarhi
        On December 1814, Captain Carpenter got order for capturing Chamuva Gadhi where Balbhadra Kunwar was staying . Carpenter was asked by all means to stop Blabhadra Kunwar for meeting Ranjor Singh Thapa in Nahan.  Carpenter had only 200  soldiers and he waited for more soldiers to come. The soldiers with Balbhadra Kunwar were around 300. Balbhadra Kunwar fled from Chamuva Garhi to Jauntgarh before British could capture Chamuva Garhi. Randeep Kaji was in Chamuva Garhi. On 20thMarch 1815, British army attacked on  Chamuva Garhi on 20th March 1815 and captured the fort. Randeep Kaji fled with 300 soldiers crossing Bhagirathi River.

                   

From National  Museum of Nepal  –The weapons of Bir Balbhadra Kunwar

   Nalapani ka Killa                           

                  British Capturing Jaunt Garh
  In January 1815, with 400 permanent soldiers and 600 newly recruited soldiers Major Bulldock attacked Jaunt Garh fort. However, Baldock failed in capturing Jaunt Garh. Taking benefits, Balbhadra Kunwar fled from Jaunt Garh fort towards Jaithok by crossing Tons River. When Blabhadra Kunwar crossed Tons River,  Jaunsaris tried to stop Balbhadra with wood staff. Balbhadra could easily flee before Jaunsaris as they were not trained for such war. Without any difficulty Balbhadra fled away. In March 1815, British army attacked with full force on Jaunt Garhi. Gurkha soldiers fled away towards east by crossingBhagirathi River.
                No help from Sudarshan Shah
  Sudarshan Shah, Shivram, Kashiram , Ashadhu Gusain and others were with Lieutenant  Menrath , Baldock. However, Sudarshan Shah could not inspire Garhwalis for helping British as British had hopes. Himachal Kings could inspire their subjects for helping British army against Gurkha.
By capturing Chamuva Garh and Jaunt Garh, British had possession over Yamuna and Bhagirathi valleys and Gurkha fled towards east (Shrinagar).

(From writing of Premble, Archives record from Tihri Court)
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 22/11//2015
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -724
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX                    Reference

Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886, Gazetteer of Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Balchandra Sharma, Nepal ko Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press
Minyan Govrdhan Singh , History of Himachal Pradesh
A.P Coleman, 1999, A Special Corps
Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of a Five Years Residence at Nepal Vol.1
Maula Ram/Mola Ram  , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
J B Fraser , Asiatic Research
Shyam Ganguli, Doon Rediscovered
Minyan Prem Singh, Guldast Tabarikh Koh Tihri Garhwal
Patiram Garhwal , Ancient and Modern
Tara Datt Gairola, Parvtiy Sanskriti
John Premble, Invasion of Nepal
Chitranjan Nepali, Bhimsen Thapa aur Tatkalin Nepal
Sanwal, Nepal and East India Company
Nagendra kr Singh, Refugee to Ruler
Saxena, Historical papers related to Kumaon
Paper Respecting Nepal War by East India Company (papers in Stock)
Basu, Rise of Christian Power in India)
Moti Lal Ghosh, an article in Amrit Bazar Patrika
XXX
History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Sirmour Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Kangara Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Baghat Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Punar Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand;  Nahan Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Himachal; 
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal