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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Wednesday, November 11, 2015

Gurkha Commander Balbhadra Fleeing from Khalanga /Nalapani Garhi

  Khalanga, Nalapani Campaign -25
     Anglo Nepalese War with   Reference to Gurkha Rule over Uttarakhand & Himachal -75
History of Gorkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -191   
             History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -717
                                         By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)
  When that soldier returned back to Garhi, British army again started firing guns and canons on Garhi. By evening of 29th November, east wall of Garhi /Fort was completely damaged. Now, army stopped firing on east wall. It was decided that the canons would be used for damaging south wall of fort. There were gun and canon firing at 2 AM night. Captain Buck was stationed at water source. The inhabitants of fort used to come for taking water at that source. When Gurkha people came for fetching water or taking water British army fired on them and there was firing from both the end. Gurkha returned without taking water.
    There was silent for one hour in night . At 3 Am, Gurkha army came out of Garhi and marched towards south. This time Gurkha soldiers were going towards rivulets by taking help of bushes. British army fired on them. Out of 300 soldiers, only 70 or 73 soldiers could flee from that area and others were killed.
Those seventy soldiers did not ask for asylum from British. Their leader Balbhadra was with them
 As per folk stories , Balbhadra ( Levanidas) cried and told that it was not possible to be in Garhi and he was leaving Garhi by his own wish. Balbhadra and his soldiers were thirsty. They did not care and marched forward without caring firing from British army. Soldiers were having either naked swords or guns. Balbhadra was leading them from front. He disappeared in dark.
( From the writings of Dr Dabral, Basu, Eden Vansittart, Williams )
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 11/11//2015
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -718
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX                    Reference

Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886, Gazetteer of Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Balchandra Sharma, Nepal ko Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press
Minyan Govrdhan Singh , History of Himachal Pradesh
A.P Coleman, 1999, A Special Corps
Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of a Five Years Residence at Nepal Vol.1
Maula Ram/Mola Ram  , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
J B Fraser , Asiatic Research
Shyam Ganguli, Doon Rediscovered
Minyan Prem Singh, Guldast Tabarikh Koh Tihri Garhwal
Patiram Garhwal , Ancient and Modern
Tara Datt Gairola, Parvtiy Sanskriti
John Premble, Invasion of Nepal
Chitranjan Nepali, Bhimsen Thapa aur Tatkalin Nepal
Sanwal, Nepal and East India Company
Nagendra kr Singh, Refugee to Ruler
Saxena, Historical papers related to Kumaon
Paper Respecting Nepal War by East India Company (papers in Stock)
Basu, Rise of Christian Power in India)
XXX
History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Sirmour Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Kangara Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Baghat Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Punar Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand;  Nahan Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Himachal;  
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal