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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Sunday, December 18, 2016

Maurusi/Maurosi Asami in Garhwal Bhabhar

Maurusi/Maurosi Asami in Garhwal Bhabhar
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                 Characteristics of Kham Settlement in Garhwal Bhabhar -12
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                            British Administration in Garhwal   -88   
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History of British Rule/Administration over Kumaun and Garhwal (1815-1947) -106
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            History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -943
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                              By: Bhishma Kukreti (History Student)

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 The Sirgiroh and old Asami (owner that pays rent) of Bhabhar were called Maurosi/Maurusi Asami. British government regulated an order for leasing (Najul) the Bhabhar land to famers in 1896. By new leasing law, famer or cultivator could not offer his leased land on contract to other farmers. . In second leasing regulation of 1915, when the land was rented, there was a condition that government had right to end the land right offered to famer and no famer could sell the land without prior permission of deputy commissioner.  
 As per the executive order of 1935, the rights of Maurusi rights of Bhabhar Asami became same as the rights of occupancy tenant rights as per Agra Tenency Act.

  Kumaon commissioner ordered that selling the rented land was illegal. However, if the buyer was real farmer, the selling and buying the land was legal. In past it was a custom (rule) that cultivator or Asami could sell Bag Bageecha (gaden) and ruins of houses an asset but not agriculture land. The land sellers started selling land as garden and ruins of houses and not land (Gairola).
 Bhabhar land was fertile and there were more facilities than the hills. However, the famers were under heavy debts (Naithani, Bhabhar Tab aur Ab page 7).



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Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 17/12/2016
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -944
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*** History of British Rule/Administration over British Garhwal (Pauri, Rudraprayag, and Chamoli1815-1947) to be continued in next chapter
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(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
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References  
 1-Shiv Prasad Dabral ‘Charan’, Uttarakhand ka Itihas, Part -7 Garhwal par British -Shasan, part -1, page- 249-278
2-Stowell, 11919, Report on revision on rent in Garhwal Bhabhar 1919 page 7
3- Dharma Nand Joshi, 1909, Report on Rent in Garhwal Bhabhar 1909 page 3
4-Clay, 1914, Report on Rent in Garhwal Bhabhar, 1914, page 13
5-Ibbetson, 1929, Report on Rent in Garhwal Bhabhar, 1929 page 2
6- Gairola T.D., Selected Revenue Decisions of Kumaon page 200  


Xx

History of British Rule, Administration , Policies, Revenue system,  over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; History of British Rule , Administration , Policies Revenue system  over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Dehradun , Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies, ,Revenue system  over Bageshwar  Kumaon, Uttarakhand ;
History of British Rule, Administration, Policies, Revenue system over Haridwar, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand;