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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Thursday, December 8, 2016

Initial Colonies in Garhwal Bhabhar

Characteristics of Kham Settlement in Garhwal Bhabhar -3
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                            British Administration in Garhwal   -79      
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History of British Rule/Administration over Kumaun and Garhwal (1815-1947) -97
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            History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -934
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                              By: Bhishma Kukreti (History Student)
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          From 1869 till 1879, 18 villages came in existence in Bhabhar Garhwal (Joshi) –
Kotdwara, Ratanpur, Jitpur, Lalpani, Haldukhata, Saneh, Jhirna, Panali, Kaudiya, Kunaun, Shivrajpur, Padmapur, Gorakhpur, Kotalgaun, Chaukighat and Kalalghati.
 There was increase in land rent   too in those ten years as follows (Joshi)-
Year--------------Agricultural Land in Beegha-----------------Rent Rs.
1869-70------------ 2069------------------------------------------- 999
1878-79-------------5770-------------------------------------------- 1885
      With the increase in temporary and durable canals, the number of colonies and villages also increase. Few villages were established by old village inhabitants and many new villages emerged due to settling by new migrants.

                         Increase in numbers of Canals

  By increase in human colonies, British government started digging new canals in Bhabhar Garhwal.
 In 1887-88, Government dig  a durable canal from right bank of Khoh river. In 1884-86, canals were dug from Malani river bank on both the sides. One third canal water was also made available for Bijnor region from those canals. Bijnor Jamindar also contributed in making those canals.
 The work started making the following canals durable (lime and cemented) –
1888-89-Sukharo canal
1902-03- From Ginvai Gadan
1907-08 –Siggadi canal
  By 1910, barring 70 acres, most of the Bhabhar land was irrigated land (Walton).




Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 8/12/2016
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -935
*** History of British Rule/Administration over British Garhwal (Pauri, Rudraprayag, and Chamoli1815-1947) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX   
References  
 1-Shiv Prasad Dabral ‘Charan’, Uttarakhand ka Itihas, Part -7 Garhwal par British -Shasan, part -1, page- 249-278
2-Trail, Sketch of Kumaon, Asiatic Researches Vol.16 page 207
3- Walton, Garhwal Gazetteer page 150, 151
4- Bhawani Datt Joshi, Report on the Revision of Rent in Garhwal-Bhabhar page -9
Xx

History of British Rule, Administration , Policies, Revenue system,  over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; History of British Rule , Administration , Policies Revenue system  over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Dehradun , Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies, ,Revenue system  over Bageshwar  Kumaon, Uttarakhand ;
History of British Rule, Administration, Policies, Revenue system over Haridwar, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand;