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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Sunday, December 18, 2016

Facilities for Farmers in Garhwal Bhabhar

Facilities for Farmers in Garhwal Bhabhar

                 Characteristics of Kham Settlement in Garhwal Bhabhar -4
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                            British Administration in Garhwal   -80    
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History of British Rule/Administration over Kumaun and Garhwal (1815-1947) -98
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            History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -935
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                              By: Bhishma Kukreti (History Student)
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                With the increase in numbers of canals, the farming community started settling in Bhabhar Garhwal. British offered same facilities to famers in Garhwal Bhabhar as in Kumaun Bhabhar. After receiving the request letter from interested farmer, the officers used to demark the land. Then the famers were free for cutting trees and shrubs. Farmers used make land for farming and government did not take rent for initial two crops. Officials used to fix rent after three crops.
  Slowly, there was sizable increase in adventurous farmers. Those farmers were mostly Garhwali or Kumaunis.  The applicant after getting permission used to call his relative for farming. The permitted farmer used to keep some portion of land for him and used to divide balance land among his relatives came for farming. Kumauni farmers used to return back to their hill villages in summer till rainy season ended but mostly, Garhwali famers used to stay in Bhabhar for whole year. A few Garhwali farmers used to send back their family members to hill villages after harvesting Ravi crop.
    Asamis or farmers used to provide plough, bulls, seeds etc to Sajha man and used to offer one fourth crop to Sajha man. Sajha used to pay rent of the land. Usually Sajha were from Harijan (scheduled caste) communities of Garhwal or cobblers from Bijnor region (Joshi).
   Applicant Farmers were from upper caste only.
 Grig wrote that Garhwali Sirgiroh were better than Kumauni Sirgiroh.

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Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 9/12/2016
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -936
*** History of British Rule/Administration over British Garhwal (Pauri, Rudraprayag, and Chamoli1815-1947) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX   
References  
 1-Shiv Prasad Dabral ‘Charan’, Uttarakhand ka Itihas, Part -7 Garhwal par British -Shasan, part -1, page- 249-278
2-Trail, Sketch of Kumaon, Asiatic Researches Vol.16 page 207
3- Walton, Garhwal Gazetteer page 150, 151
4- Bhawani Datt Joshi, Report on the Revision of Rent in Garhwal-Bhabhar page -13
Xx

History of British Rule, Administration , Policies, Revenue system,  over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; History of British Rule , Administration , Policies Revenue system  over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Dehradun , Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies, ,Revenue system  over Bageshwar  Kumaon, Uttarakhand ;
History of British Rule, Administration, Policies, Revenue system over Haridwar, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand;