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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Saturday, December 19, 2015

Worried British Commanders

Nepalese Anglo War with   Reference to Gurkha Rule over Uttarakhand & Himachal -89
History of Gorkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -205   
             History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -731
                                                                    
                                         By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)

      News of failures of two attacks reached to British army camps. The news also reached that Gurkha attacked on British army in Gorkhapur too. There was news that Balbhadra was also on the way for Jaithok Garh /Jaithak Garhi with 600 soldiers.
 In the eman time the People of Jaunsar and Jubbal revolted openly against Gurkha. Garhwali, Kumaoni, and Bushehari soldiers started escaping from Gurkha army to British army camps. Fraser built a Battalion of rebellion armed force of 400 such soldiers those deserted Gurkha army. In that army, 200 soldiers were Garhwali , Kumaoni and other soldiers were Sikh, Pathan and Mewati.
 On 31st January, The newly appointed Battalion failed the attack of Ranjor Thapa on British at Benta Hill. Ranjor attacked on British by 250 soldiers. The newly army killed 23 soldiers of Ranjor and injured many more.
Next day, New Battalion captured Nauni Danda a strategic hill three miles away from Jaithok/Jaithak Hill. However, very pessimistic C Major General Martindale did not order for attacking on Jaithok/Jaithak Hill fort. On 12th February 1815, Balbhadra reached to Jaithok /Jaithak Garhi with 400 -500 soldiers. The Army of Ranjor captured back Mor Danda Hill from where on 28th December 1814,  Richards returned back.

(From wittings of Fraser, Prinsep and Premble)
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 19/12//2015
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -732
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX                    Reference

Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886, Gazetteer of Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Balchandra Sharma, Nepal ko Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press
Minyan Govrdhan Singh , History of Himachal Pradesh
A.P Coleman, 1999, A Special Corps
Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of a Five Years Residence at Nepal Vol.1
Maula Ram/Mola Ram  , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
J B Fraser , Asiatic Research
Shyam Ganguli, Doon Rediscovered
Minyan Prem Singh, Guldast Tabarikh Koh Tihri Garhwal
Patiram Garhwal , Ancient and Modern
Tara Datt Gairola, Parvtiy Sanskriti
John Premble, Invasion of Nepal
Chitranjan Nepali, Bhimsen Thapa aur Tatkalin Nepal
Sanwal, Nepal and East India Company
Nagendra kr Singh, Refugee to Ruler
Saxena, Historical papers related to Kumaon
Paper Respecting Nepal War by East India Company (papers in Stock)
Basu, Rise of Christian Power in India)
Moti Lal Ghosh, an article in Amrit Bazar Patrika
XXX
History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Sirmour Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Kangara Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Baghat Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Punar Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand;  Nahan Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; 
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par  Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal