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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Friday, December 18, 2015

Second British Attack Jaithok /Jaithak Fort

 Nepalese Anglo War with   Reference to Gurkha Rule over Uttarakhand & Himachal -88
History of Gorkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -204   
             History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -730
                                                                    
                                         By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)

  Major Richards troop had to walk over 16 miles to the decided place. Richards troop reached at bottom of North hill at 8AM. From hill bottom the army had to go up hill. Richards ordered his troop for rest for two hours. When Richards troop reached at hill top (north Stage) they could not find any sign of Ludlow troop (South Stage). By then the Ludlow battalion escaped. The s Gurkha soldiers started playing drums (Dhol) around 1 PM. The Ranjor Thapa army started for attacking on British army led by Major Richards.  British soldiers fired guns on Gurkha soldiers, Gurkha soldiers were scattered and they hid below stones or bushes. Gurkha soldiers fired then and now. There was no shadow for Richards soldiers. At 4Pm, British  came to know that the bulls carrying guns, canons lost the ways and Gurkha soldiers looted the ammunition on bullocks by killing British soldiers. Richards wrote to Major General Martindell for soliciting the reinforce. However, Martindell was of opinion that without Ludlow, Richards soldiers could not win Gurkha and he did not send more troops and ammunition for Richards. Martindell ordered Richards for coming back.
 Before sun set, Gurkha soldiers attacked nine times on British troop. Every time British fired guns on Gurkha. Richards ordered soldiers for collecting stones.  By 7 PM, Richards army was at that place only. Gurkha could kill only around 20 -30 British army soldiers. There was no gun powder left with British army. Richards had to return to Nahan. It was decided to climb down to hill bottom from Hill through a narrow path (Gurbato).  It was necessary that a defense was also set up for the soldiers coming down from hill. Lieutenant Thacker and light infantry took responsibility to defend the army coming down to hill bottom. Young Thacker had 200 Indian soldiers, William Wilson, two European officers. British army soldiers started coming down on moon light. The soldiers under Thacker could defend from 1500 Gurkha soldiers for half an hour. Gurkha fired on Thacker and he died instantly. Wilson got injured and his one thigh was burst by Gun fire of Gurkha.  British army soldiers ran away from defensive position.  In that second British attack on Jaithok/Jaithak, there was loss of 76 solders, three officers and 306 soldiers were injured.
(From wittings of Fraser, Prinsep and Premble)
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 18/12//2015
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -731
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX                    Reference

Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886, Gazetteer of Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Balchandra Sharma, Nepal ko Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press
Minyan Govrdhan Singh , History of Himachal Pradesh
A.P Coleman, 1999, A Special Corps
Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of a Five Years Residence at Nepal Vol.1
Maula Ram/Mola Ram  , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
J B Fraser , Asiatic Research
Shyam Ganguli, Doon Rediscovered
Minyan Prem Singh, Guldast Tabarikh Koh Tihri Garhwal
Patiram Garhwal , Ancient and Modern
Tara Datt Gairola, Parvtiy Sanskriti
John Premble, Invasion of Nepal
Chitranjan Nepali, Bhimsen Thapa aur Tatkalin Nepal
Sanwal, Nepal and East India Company
Nagendra kr Singh, Refugee to Ruler
Saxena, Historical papers related to Kumaon
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Basu, Rise of Christian Power in India)
Moti Lal Ghosh, an article in Amrit Bazar Patrika
XXX
History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Sirmour Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Kangara Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Baghat Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Punar Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand;  Nahan Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; 
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal