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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Monday, December 14, 2015

Fighting Spirit of Gurkha Commander Ranjor

Nepalese Anglo War with   Reference to Gurkha Rule over Uttarakhand & Himachal -86
History of Gorkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -202   
             History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -728

                                         By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)

           Before, British started campaign against Nepal, Ranjor was also war against British as his father was. However, when British started attacking on Gurkha, Ranjor was ready to fight till end. He was ready to sacrifice his life for his King and Country. Ranjor ignored the advice of Nepal King for friendly accord with British. Ranjor was waiting for British army at Jaithok Garhi. Ranjor also invited Balbhadra for coming to Jaithok Fort. Ranjor had communication lines with the Gurkha officials in Shrinagar, Almora and Nepal through Hill path on Nort Garhwal. There was no communication problem for communicating with Amar Singh Thapa in west.
 After British capturing Doon valley, the  Kamin (heads ) of Kalsi, Kangar and Palwa villages were inclined towards British army and Shishram etc were in contact with those Kamin. Ranjor wrote a letter to Kangar village chief and cautioned him – “Our army is just to reach from Shrinagar and Kumoan. You left us due to influence from Shishram. However, within 8-10 days, our army led by Balbhadra will reach to Yamuna Port. You meet Balbhadra and support us. Otherwise we shall kill your people and will take away your women. Send 25 monds of Lead to us for making gun powder).”
 Ranjor wrote letter to Chief of Palwa,” Send immediately tax.If you listen SHishram and when our army would reach to palwa we shall kill all people who are supporting Shishram. Don’t allow Shishram to Palwa. The person who will kill Shishram or would catch him we shall reward the person. Send tax and food grains to Jaithak. We shall offer important information to people who come with tax and food grains.”
    There were 1500 soldiers with Jaithok Gadhi . Gurkha soldiers were lesser than local fighters.  From Jaithok, Ranjor and his soldiers could easily watch on the activities of British army in Nahan. There were three four water sources nearby Jaithok Fort. Ranjor used to call food grains and other materials from nearby villages forcibly.

(From wittings of Fraser, Prinsep and Premble)
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 15/12//2015
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -729
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX                    Reference

Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886, Gazetteer of Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Balchandra Sharma, Nepal ko Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press
Minyan Govrdhan Singh , History of Himachal Pradesh
A.P Coleman, 1999, A Special Corps
Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of a Five Years Residence at Nepal Vol.1
Maula Ram/Mola Ram  , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
J B Fraser , Asiatic Research
Shyam Ganguli, Doon Rediscovered
Minyan Prem Singh, Guldast Tabarikh Koh Tihri Garhwal
Patiram Garhwal , Ancient and Modern
Tara Datt Gairola, Parvtiy Sanskriti
John Premble, Invasion of Nepal
Chitranjan Nepali, Bhimsen Thapa aur Tatkalin Nepal
Sanwal, Nepal and East India Company
Nagendra kr Singh, Refugee to Ruler
Saxena, Historical papers related to Kumaon
Paper Respecting Nepal War by East India Company (papers in Stock)
Basu, Rise of Christian Power in India)
Moti Lal Ghosh, an article in Amrit Bazar Patrika
XXX
History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Sirmour Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Kangara Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Baghat Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Punar Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand;  Nahan Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; 
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal