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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Wednesday, January 13, 2016

Revolt by Jaunsari People against Gurkha/Nepalese Rulers

Himachal People Revolting against Gurkha –Part -2

Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -210   
             History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -736
                                                                    
                                         By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)
                         When British army officers with highly developed modern weapons were showing coward attitude and using wrong strategies against Gurkha/Nepal the people of Jaunsar (Dehradun, Garhwal) were organizing them against Gurkha/Nepal. Jaunsari were eager to push Gurkha/Nepalese army from their territory. When on 20th October 1814, the British army led by Lieutenant Colonel Carpenter reached near to Kalsi the Gurkha army ran away from Kalsi Fort and ran to Bairatgarhi north of Kalsi. As British army captured Kalsi Fort, Jaunsari people became ready to kill Gurkha soldiers merely by wood staffs. Gurkha soldiers were taking shelter in Bairatgarhi at height of 7000 feet and the fort was safer than Khalnga Garh or Nalapani fort and Jaithak /Jaithok Fort. Jaunsari people stopped the supply chain reaching to Bairatgarhi. On 30th November 1814,  Balbhadra ran away from Bairatgarhi and British army led by Captain fast captured Bairatgarhi. According to Wilson, British army could capture Bairatgarhi only by the help of Jaunsari people who were acquainted about reaching to such difficult terrain as Bairatgarhi.
                             Jaunsaris Following Balbhadra
           Jaunsar People were enthusiastic after British captured Bairatgarhi .Now, Jaunsar people started stopping supply chains at various forts where Gurkha soldiers were staying. Jaunsar people followed Balbhadra who was escaping from Bairatgarhi towards Jaithak/Jaithok. There was head on between Jaunsari people and Balbhadra soldiers while Balbhadra soldiers were crossing Tones River. With 1000 soldiers, Major Baldric was coming towards Tones River for stopping Balbhadra reaching to Jaithok/Jaithak. However, there was heavy snow fall and storm and British army could not reach to Tones valley. Many Jaunsari entered into British army for taking revenge against Gurkha soldiers.

                        Revolt in Himachal  against Gurkha/Nepalese Army
     As soon the people of Himachal came to know the brave acts of Jaunsaris, the people of Plava, Puchhar, Sain, Morni , Rajgarh the opposite of Tons valley of Himachal regions became active against Gurkha/Nepalese soldiers.  Getting information, British commander sent a battalion to help Himachal people the valley opposite of Tons valley. However, before British army reached to that territory People of Pulva, Puchhar , Rajgarh and Morni revolted against Gurkha soldiers and they also stopped supply chain of Gurkha soldiers. Balbhadra was also going through that territory and his army  burnt many villages of that Territory.


(From wittings of Fraser, Prinsep, Premble, Sitaram, Hamilton , Thompson and Garret)
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 10/1//2016
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -737
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX                    Reference
                 
Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886, Gazetteer of Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Balchandra Sharma, Nepal ko Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press
Minyan Govrdhan Singh , History of Himachal Pradesh
A.P Coleman, 1999, A Special Corps
Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of a Five Years Residence at Nepal Vol.1
Maula Ram/Mola Ram  , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
J B Fraser , Asiatic Research
Shyam Ganguli, Doon Rediscovered
Minyan Prem Singh, Guldast Tabarikh Koh Tihri Garhwal
Patiram Garhwal , Ancient and Modern
Tara Datt Gairola, Parvtiy Sanskriti
John Premble, Invasion of Nepal
Chitranjan Nepali, Bhimsen Thapa aur Tatkalin Nepal
Sanwal, Nepal and East India Company
Nagendra kr Singh, Refugee to Ruler
Saxena, Historical papers related to Kumaon
Paper Respecting Nepal War by East India Company (papers in Stock)
Basu, Rise of Christian Power in India)
Moti Lal Ghosh, an article in Amrit Bazar Patrika
XXX
History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Sirmour Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Kangara Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Baghat Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Punar Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand;  Nahan Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; 
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par  Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal