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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Wednesday, January 20, 2016

Garhwali, Kumaoni Soldiers Leaving Gurkha Army

Himachal People Revolting against Gurkha –Part -6

Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -213 
             History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -740                                                         
                                         By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)

                     In West of Central Himalayas (Western Garhwal and Himachal), the Gurkha soldiers strength was around one third of total Gurkha army. Two third numbers of soldiers were Garhwali, Kumaoni, or Sirmur Himachali soldiers in Gurkha Army. There were Garhwali, Kumaoni, Sirmur Soldiers with Gurkha Commander Kirti Rana. When the Bushahr people led by Vazirs of Bushahr surrounded Gurkha Camp at Saradu ka Tibba (Tapda) the soldiers and Kirti Rana were in dangerous position. Kirti Rana surrendered on a condition that he would not be killed. He put condition that Vazirs (Ministers) should hand over him to British Commander. Bushahr people army captured Kirti Rana. Kumaoni, Garhwali, Sirmur soldiers left Gurkha army and choosing for becoming British army soldiers. Now, Garhwali, Kumaoni , Sirmur soldiers were with Bushahr people.
                         Bushahr People Army Attacking Rain Garh, Himachal
  Now, Bushahr People Army led by two Bushahr ministers along with Garhwali, Kumaoni, Sirmur soldiers marched towards Rain Garhi (fort at Raingarh). Bushahr People army and other Garhwali, Kumaoni, Sirmur soldiers surrounded Rain Garhi where Gurkha soldiers were camping. At the same time – in May 1815, Fraser reached to Hatkoti (Himachal) with his temporary army of Garhwali, Kumaoni, Himachali soldiers. Bushahr People Army called ‘Dheeng’ weapon for breaking Rain Garh fort wall from Bushahr.  There were 3000 Bushahr people with Dangi minister. 1000 people had old types of gun with them. Balance People soldiers were having bamboo arrow with bone head. Many had axes with them.

(From wittings of Sirmur Gazette, Bushahr Gazette, Bushehar Gazette, Fraser, Prinsep, Premble, Sitaram, Hamilton, Thompson and Garret)
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 18/1//2016
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -741
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX                    Reference
                 
Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886, Gazetteer of Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Balchandra Sharma, Nepal ko Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press
Minyan Govrdhan Singh , History of Himachal Pradesh
A.P Coleman, 1999, A Special Corps
Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of a Five Years Residence at Nepal Vol.1
Maula Ram/Mola Ram  , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
J B Fraser , Asiatic Research
Shyam Ganguli, Doon Rediscovered
Minyan Prem Singh, Guldast Tabarikh Koh Tihri Garhwal
Patiram Garhwal , Ancient and Modern
Tara Datt Gairola, Parvtiy Sanskriti
John Premble, Invasion of Nepal
Chitranjan Nepali, Bhimsen Thapa aur Tatkalin Nepal
Sanwal, Nepal and East India Company
Nagendra kr Singh, Refugee to Ruler
Saxena, Historical papers related to Kumaon
Paper Respecting Nepal War by East India Company (papers in Stock)
Basu, Rise of Christian Power in India)
Moti Lal Ghosh, an article in Amrit Bazar Patrika
XXX
History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Sirmour Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Kangara Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Baghat Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Punar Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand;  Nahan Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; 
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par  Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal