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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Wednesday, January 20, 2016

A Few Patriotic Non Gurkha Soldiers

  Himachal People Revolting against Gurkha –Part -7

Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -213 
             History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -741                                                         
                                         By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)
                                         
         The people of Jaunsar, Palva, Puchhar, Sain, Rajgarh, Morni,Jubbal  Bushahr revolted against Gurkha and many Non Gurkha soldiers also ditched Gurkha army. There were a few Non Gurkha Patriotic soldiers in Gurkha too. Those patriotic soldiers believed that since they took salaries money from Gurkha Kingdom it was their duty for serving Gurkha with heart and body. When Balbhadra was running towards west of Jautgarh, due to fear or patriotic reasons,  people of Ladi and Kangar  supported Balbhadra as representative of Gurkha Kingdom.
 Ranjor handed over Moranigarhi to anon Gurkha Gauri Shah. Gaur Shah was either Garhwali or Kumaoni. There was an officer in Gurkha army – Kisandas Upreti (Garhwali or Kumaoni) left Gurkha army from Moranigarh and joined British army. Kisan Das wrote a ltter to Gauri Shah that Gurkha army snatched the Kingdom of Gari Shah’s father and Gauri Shah should leave Gurkha. However, Gauri Shah replied that he took salt from Gurkha and he would never leave Gurkha. Dhaniram also wrote letter to Gauri Shah to leave Gurkha army and join British army but Gauri Shah refused to ditch Gurkha Kingdom.
                Letter of Amar Singh Thapa to Nepal King
   Overall, everywhere in Central Himalaya, people were revolting against Gurkha. The people were finding opportunity for taking revenge against Gurkha. Nepalese King sent a ltter for Amar Singh Thapa and it reached to Amar Singh Thapa through Ranjor Singh. Amar Singh Thapa replied to the King on 2nd March 1815,” Most of people and Kings of this area joined enemy camp (British). They surrounded me too. The people of Bilaspur supported Gurkha Kingdom. Therefore, people of  Nalagarh, Hindur are against Bilaspur people and ready for killing Bilaspur people. It is not possible for Gurkha army to head on people of this region.”
   People were not supporting to Gurkha army and still Gurkha were taking food and other materials and animals from those villages of Himachal.

(From wittings of Sirmur Gazette, Bushahr Gazette, Bushehar Gazette, Fraser, Prinsep, Premble, Sitaram, Hamilton, Thompson and Garret)
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 19/1//2016
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -742
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX                    Reference
                 
Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886, Gazetteer of Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Balchandra Sharma, Nepal ko Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press
Minyan Govrdhan Singh , History of Himachal Pradesh
A.P Coleman, 1999, A Special Corps
Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of a Five Years Residence at Nepal Vol.1
Maula Ram/Mola Ram  , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
J B Fraser , Asiatic Research
Shyam Ganguli, Doon Rediscovered
Minyan Prem Singh, Guldast Tabarikh Koh Tihri Garhwal
Patiram Garhwal , Ancient and Modern
Tara Datt Gairola, Parvtiy Sanskriti
John Premble, Invasion of Nepal
Chitranjan Nepali, Bhimsen Thapa aur Tatkalin Nepal
Sanwal, Nepal and East India Company
Nagendra kr Singh, Refugee to Ruler
Saxena, Historical papers related to Kumaon
Paper Respecting Nepal War by East India Company (papers in Stock)
Basu, Rise of Christian Power in India)
Moti Lal Ghosh, an article in Amrit Bazar Patrika
XXX
History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Sirmour Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Kangara Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Baghat Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Punar Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand;  Nahan Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; 
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par  Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal