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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Friday, January 8, 2016

Oppressive Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Himachal

Himachal People Revolting against Gurkha –Part -1

Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -209   
             History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -735
                                                                    
                                         By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)

                                     Oppressive Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Himachal

               The people of Kahlur, Hindur, Sirmour, Bushehar, Bara Thakuri,’Chauda Thakuri’ the small Thakurais (small Kingdoms) between Yamuna and Sutlej Rivers were distressed under cruel Gurkha/Gorkha rule. When Ranjit Singh pushed Amar Singh Thapa from Sutlej, Amar Singh Thapa reached to Bilaspur. Amar Singh Thapa killed a few Small Territory Kings (Thakuaris rulers), arrested a few Kings and a few rulers ran away from the Kingdoms. Amar Singh Thapa looted their capitals and ruined their forts. On that time, the Kings of Kotgarh, Balsan, Thiyog and other territories requested Bushahr/Bushahir King Ugra Singh for helping them. Ugra Singh sent 10000 soldiers under his ministers for helping those Kings. Unfortunately, Ugra Singh died. Taking benefits of child prince Mahindra Singh , Amar Singh Thapa reached to Rampur the capital of Bushahr/Bushahir with his huge army. Bushahr minster ran towards north taking the child Prince Mahindra Singh.
                 Amar Singh Thapa captured the capital Rampur. From Rampur, Amar Singh Thapa captured nearby Thakurais by 1812. In 1813, he handed over Sarai to Child Prince Mahindra Singh for 12000 annual tax. Amar Singh Thapa shifted to Arki. Amar Singh Thapa broke the bigger forts of small Kingdoms and made them for smaller armies. Mar Singh Thapa strengthens those forts for future battles with British. He established newer army forts in Chamba, Taragarh, Malaun, and Surajgarh by breaking old forts.
               The Gurkha/Gorkha army of newer forts used to oppress the Himachal people. Due to cruel misadministration, the income from those territories dropped down drastically. The annual income never increase from 182, 000 annually. That income was insufficient as salaries was paid from that income.  Many villagers ran away due to cruel Gurkha rule. Villages were deserted. The villagers were ready for revolt. As soon as they heard the defeat of Gurkha in Doon and Nahan, the villagers started organizing for freedom from Gurkha.


(From wittings of Fraser, Prinsep, Premble, Sitaram, Hamilton , Thompson and Garret)
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 9/1//2016
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -736
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)

                  Reference

Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886, Gazetteer of Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Balchandra Sharma, Nepal ko Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
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Minyan Govrdhan Singh , History of Himachal Pradesh
A.P Coleman, 1999, A Special Corps
Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of a Five Years Residence at Nepal Vol.1
Maula Ram/Mola Ram  , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
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Minyan Prem Singh, Guldast Tabarikh Koh Tihri Garhwal
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Chitranjan Nepali, Bhimsen Thapa aur Tatkalin Nepal
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Moti Lal Ghosh, an article in Amrit Bazar Patrika

History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Sirmour Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Kangara Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Baghat Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Punar Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand;  Nahan Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; 
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par  Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal