डा जगदम्बा प्रसाद कोटनाला गढ़वाली में कविता ही नही लिखते अपितु एल विद्व समीक्षक भी हैं। उन्होंने गहन यात्राओं द्वारा गढ़वाली कवियों के बारे की और गढ़वाली कविता विकास पर DPhil डिग्री हासिल की और 2011 में 'गढ़वाली काव्य का उद्भव , विकास एवं वैशिष्ठ्य' पुस्तक प्रकाशित की।
470 पृष्ठ की पुस्तक में गढ़वाली भाषा का वैशिष्ठ्य -चरित्र, काव्य इतिहास व प्रत्येक युग के कवियों के काव्य शिल्प, रस विधान, प्रतीक व बिम्ब विधान का सांगोपांग विवरण मिलता है।
विद्वान अन्वेषक ने गढ़वाली काव्य पर हिंदी काव्य का प्रभाव पर एक अध्याय लिखा है जो अपने आप में विशिष्ठ है।
हाँ कुछ विशिष्ठ कवि जैसे मदन डुकलाण आदि के बारे में क्यों नही लिखा गया यह एक प्रश्न अवश्य है और मुझे भी प्रश्न करने का साहस नही हो सका है ।
सभी गढ़वाली कवियों को यह ग्रन्थ अपने पुस्तकालय में रखना ही चाहिए।
पुस्तक प्राप्ति स्थान -
निर्मलायन , लालपुर, घराट रोड , कोटद्वार , पौड़ी गढ़वाल
Garhwali Kavya ka Udbhav, Vikash evam Vaishishthya: Critical History of Garhwali poetry
(Review of Garhwal Kavya ka Udbhav, Vikash evam Vaishishthya book )
There had been literature critic writing about critical history of modern Garhwali poetry. ‘Garhwali Kavitavali’ (1932) edited by Tara Datt Gairola and published by Vishwamabar Datt Chandola is first book which supplies the details ofGarhwali poets and their poetic caliber of Garhwali poetry world. ‘Shailvani’ (1981) edited by Abodh Bandhu Bahuguna is another attempt to provide historical and critical aspects of development of modern Garhwali poetry. Abodh Bandhu Bahuguna wrote brief history about Garhwali literature in ‘Mukandi lal barrister Smriti ‘, Dr.Nand Kishor Dhoundiyal briefed about Garhwali literature history in an article in ‘Garhwal ki Jeevit Vibhutiyan and uska Vaishishthy’ (1990). Bhishma Kukreti detailed about social structure of Garhwal and in its role development of characteristics of Garhwalipoetry ‘Garhwali Kavita ka Itihas ‘in ‘Sankalp’( edited by Dr,B.L.Jalandhari 2011). In following publication, a milestone book ‘Angwal’ under edited by Madan Duklan and published by Samay Sakshy, Dehradun, Bhishma Kukreti details about social and political history of Garhwal affecting the characteristics of Garhwali poetry from 1850. Bhishma Kukreti wrote criticism of more than 300 Garhwali language poets in the Angwal (under print). Bhishma Kukreti published life sketches of more than 300 Garhwali language poets and their poetic characteristics on Internet media as Meraphad .comhttp://www.merapahadforum.
com/articles-by-esteemed- guests-of-uttarakhand/ articles-by-bhisma-kukreti/ new/) and E-Mmagazineofuttarakhand - http://e-magazineofuttarakh and.blogspot.in/2009_06_01_arc hive.html. Bhishma Kukreti also published criticism of more than 100 Garhwali poetry collections in the above Internet medium.
Dr. Jagdamba Prasad Kotnala (Kutj Bharati) published a well researched book’ Garhwal Kavya ka Udbhav, Vikash evam Vaishishthya’ (2011, pages-470). The book is a milestone in the history of Garhwali literature.
The book has fallowing chapters:
1-Garhwali Bhasha ka Tatvik Parichay (page1-56): In this chapter the poetry historian deals with the Garhwali language and its characteristics, position of Garhwali among other Aryan languages, dialects of Garhwali language, relationship ofGarhwali with Hindi language, grammar of Garhwali language, the exclusivity of Garhwali language, general introduction of modern Garhwali literature.
2-Gadhwali Kavya:Udhbhav evam vikash (page 57-104): in this chapter , the poetry historian divides the Garhwali poetry as per age and briefs about characteristics of era wise Garhwali poetry. The researcher Kotnala also divides the poetry as per structure and provides detailing of Garhwali poetry books published so far.
3-Garhwali Kavya ki samvedana ka Vaishishthya (page105-270) : In this chapter, the critical history writer of Garhwalipoetry Kotnala
describes about various emotions and raptures found in Garhwali poetry.
4-Garhwali Kavya ka Shilp Vaishishthya (page 271-406) in this chapter brilliantly, Jagdamba Prasad Kotnala discusses about forms and structure of Garhwali poetry world from beginning till date.
5- Gahwali Kavya par Hindi Kavya ka Prabhav: in this important chapter, the historian finds the reasons and effects of Hindi poetry on Garhwali poetry from various angles of poetic aspects.
6- In the last chapter, the critical poetry historian concludes his research on Garhwali poetry.
The book reveals many aspects of Garhwali poetry and is very important for readers to know about history ofGarhwali poetry and characteristics of Garhwali poetry. The critic and researcher Dr.Jagdamba Prasad Kotnala effective describes about sound, intension, structure, types, emotions, experiencing aspects and other important and critical literary aspects of Garhwali poetry.
The Hindi Book ‘Garhwal Kavya ka Udbhav, Vikash evam Vaishishthya’ examines all major aspects of Garhwalipoetry. The language of Dr.Jagdamba Prasad Kotnala is simple for understanding the insight of Garhwali poetry and its history.
The contribution of Dr. Jagdamba Prasad Kotnala is as important for Himalayan languages Literature as the works of Robert Fraser for critical history of West African poetry literature; Ram Chandra Shukla for critical history of Hindi poetry literature ; David Daiches for critical history of English poetry literature; Grierson et all for critical history of English poetry literature ; Mure for critical history of Greek poetry literature ; Greenfield et all for critical history of old English poetry literature; Bercovitch and Patell for critical history of American poetry literature; J.G.Robertson for critical history of German poetry literature; H.W. Longfellow for critical history of European poetry literature; Coward for critical history of French poetry literature; M.L. Shaw for critical history of French poetry literature; G. Ticknor for critical history of Spanish poetry literature; Echvarria and Pupo-Walker for critical history of Latin American poetry literature; Boutrwek for critical history of Spanish and Portuguese poetry literature; Bristol for critical history of Russian poetry literature; Whitefield and woodhouse for critical history of Italian poetry literature; for critical history of poetry literature; Charlemont and Talbot for critical history of Italian poetry literature; Howells for critical history of modern Italian poetry literature; Yip, Wai-Lim for critical history of Chinese poetry literature; Stephene for critical history of Chinese poetry literature; Liu, J.J.Y , for critical history of Chinese poetry literature; McCannfor critical history of Korean poetry literature; Meijer for critical history of Dutch poetry literature; Reich for critical history of Hungarian poetry literature; Reidle and Wright et all for critical history of Hungarian Australian poetry literature; Pierce for critical history of Australian poetry literature; Rose for critical history of Australian poetry literature; Badwai for critical history of Modern Arabic poetry literature; Raipka and Jahn for critical history of Iranian poetry literature; Morrison for critical history of Persian poetry literature; Altoma for critical history of Iraq’s poetry literature; Abodh Bandhu Bahuguna for critical history of poetry literature are valuable and important for poetry world.
1-Robert Fraser, 1986, West African Poetry: A Critical History
2- Ram Chandra Shukla, Hindi ka Itihas
3-David Daiches, 1979, A Critical History of English literature in 5 volumes
4- H.Grierson, H.J. C. Grierson, J.Smith, 1965, A Critical History of English Poetry
5-William Mure, 1850, A Critical History of language and Literature of ancient Greece in 3 volumes
6- S.B. Greenfield, Gillmore Calder, Lapidge, 1986, A New critical history of Old English Literature
7- Bercovitch, Patell, 2003, A Cambridge History of American literature
8- J.G. Robertson, 1902, A History of German Literature (included history of German poetry)
9- H.W. Longfellow, 1871, The poets and Poetry of Europe
10- David Coward, 2008, A History of French literature
11- M.L. Shaw, 2003, Cambridge Introduction to French poetry (as reference for Critical history of French poetry)
12-George Ticknor, 1849, History of Spanish Literature in three volumes
13- R.G. Echevarria, E. Pupo-Walker, 1996, The Cambridge history of Latin American literature
14-F. Bouterwek, 1823, History of Spanish and Portuguese Literature,
14-Evelyne Bristol, 1991, History of Russian poetry
15- Whitfield, Woodhouse, 1980, Short History of Italian literature
16- L.J.C, Charlemont , G.Talbot, 2000, Lord Charlemont’s History of Italian poetry from Dante to ..
17-W.D.Howells. 1866, Modern Italian poets
18-Yip, Wai-Lim, 1997, Chinese poetry
19-O.Stephene, 1996, An Anthology of Chinese Literature
20-Liu,J.J.Y , 1966, The art of Chinese Poetry
21-D.R. McCann, 2004, The Columbia anthology of modern Korean Poetry
22- R.P. Meijer, 1971, literature of Low Countries: A short History of Dutch Literature
23-Emile Reich, 1972, Hungarian Literature: Historical and critical survey
24- F. Reidle, C.T.H. Wright et all History of Hungarian literature
25- Peter Pierce, 2009, The Cambridge History of Australian Literature
26-Peter Rose, 2008, The Best Australian Poems
27- M.M .Badwai, 1992, Modern Arabic Literature
28-J.Raipka, K.Jahn, 1968, History of Iranian Literature
29-G.Morrison, 1981, History of Persian literature …
30-Salih, Altoma, 2010, Iraq’s modern literature
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, 10/5/2012