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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

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Saturday, June 9, 2018

Occupation Losses in British Garhwal

Occupation Losses in British Garhwal 
                  British Administration in Garhwal   -296
       -
History of British Rule/Administration over Kumaun and Garhwal (1815-1947) -316
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            History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -1150

          By:  Bhishma Kukreti (History Student)


                   By half century after British rule started, many people lost their family or individual occupations. Import of cheaper metal items affected adversely on traditional mines and mines occupants. British administration never paid attention on mines of Garhwal. There was ample water resources in Garhwal but government never care for irrigation in Garhwal.
   Government was ready for spending money on importing grains and people were ready for importing grains in drought. However, neither government nor people were ready for spending on irrigation canal network.  Garhwalis were then forced for importing grains and migrating elsewhere in Indian plains.
       There were 400 permanent workers and 600 seasonal workers in tea estates. The Dotiyal were for hard working jobs and not Garhwalis. The total expenditure on tea estates was annually Rs.38000 around1880.  However after 1880, there was decline in Tea industry of Garhwal and on later stage the industry was closed.
  There was decline in local village hemp and hill-cotton industry due to import of new cotton dresses. Many traditional craft workers lost jobs. 
  
                    References  
1-Shiv Prasad Dabral ‘Charan’, Uttarakhand ka Itihas, Part -8 Garhwal par British -Shasan, part -2, page- .61-103
2- Atkinson, Himalayan Districts, Vol. 3
3-Garhwal Gazetteer
4- Paw, Garhwal settlement reports
5- Census hand book 1951
6- Adams, Reports on pilgrims rout

Xx
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India,bjkukreti@gmail.com 2/2/2018
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -1151
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*** History of British Rule/Administration over British Garhwal (Pauri, Rudraprayag, and Chamoli1815-1947) to be continued in next chapter
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(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)

 History of British Garhwal, Education , Health, History of Devalgarh Garhwal , ; History of Badhan Garhwal; Education , Health History of Barasyun Garhwal; Education , Health History of Chandpur Garhwal; Education , Health History of Chaundkot Garhwal; Education , Health History of  Gangasalan Garhwal;  History of Mallasalan Garhwal; Education , Health History of Tallasalan Garhwal; Education , Health History of Dashauli Garhwal; Education , Health History of Nagpur Garhwal; Society  in British Garhwal.History of British Garhwal, History of Social Structure and Religious Faith in Chamoli Garhwal, History of Social Structure and Religious Faith of Pauri Garhwal , Education , Health, Social and Culture History of Rudraprayag Garhwal